Adjusting to Technology in the Nursing Field With Lewin's Change Theory Model

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Adjusting to Technology
Advances in technology are essential for nursing and health care in today’s society. Nurses are continuously challenged to provide efficient, effective, and knowledgeable care in a range of environments (Blais & Hayes, 2011). An organization’s technology must change and advance with the surrounding environment in order to be successful (Wilkinson, While, & Roberts, 2008). The process of change can be positive or negative, depending on the individual. I will discuss technological changes that have occurred in my workplace and how the staff have adjusted to these changes using Kurt Lewin’s change theory model. Lewin’s theory consisted of three phases: unfreezing, moving, and refreezing.
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Several change agents were readily available for demonstration of the new computer system and to answer employee questions. The restraining forces decreased as employees were trained and became familiar with the computer system that was going to be utilized throughout the hospital.
According to Lewin, changes are integrated and stabilized during the refreezing stage (Blais & Hayes, 2011). In my place of employment, driving forces increased as individuals became less intimidated and more confident with their computer skills. The positive results of computer charting and medication administration were visibly achieved by employees. The number of medication errors were decreased significantly due to electronic orders and charting. Patients’ charts were more legible and easier to access if needed. During this stage, each employee realized that the technological advances were a necessary change for successful patient care.
Change is an inevitable part of everyone’s life that has the potential to produce positive and negative results depending on the individual (Wilkinson et al., 2008). Technological advances are a crucial part of nursing. Nurses must possess the ability to understand and apply the change theory to be successful in the delivery of health care (Blais & Hayes, 2011). Lewin’s change theory
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