Affirmative Action

Better Essays


INTRODUCTION Affirmative Action is an employment legislation protection system that is intended to address the systemized discrimination faced by women and minorities. It achieves this by enforcing diversity through operational intrusions into recruitment, selection, and other personnel functions and practices in America. Originally, Affirmative Action arose because of President Lyndon B. Johnson’s desire to integrate society on educational, employment, and economic levels, yet it was John F. Kennedy who issued Executive Order 10925 to create the Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity, a commission that evolved into our modern Equal Employment Opportunity Commission …show more content…

The various alternative forms of Affirmative Action all have received national attention. Yet, the country is divided on all of these issues, specifically how university admissions should assess issues of merit and diversity against national fundamental issues of diversity and fairness. One author argues that there is a “theory of successful intelligence”[3] that says minorities can achieve no matter if Affirmative Action policies are in place or not. He says, “Successful intelligence is the ability to succeed in life, according to one 's own conception of success.”[4] This author also makes the argument that successful intelligence is not about being good at one thing only. It instead views, everyone as having strengths and weaknesses, no matter how smart or intelligent they are. In the Affirmative Action case Grutter v. Bolinger, there was a majority opinion 5-4 that continued the use of Affirmative Action in college admissions. Justice Sandra Day O’Connor stated, “In order to cultivate a set of leaders with legitimacy in the eyes of the citizenry, it is necessary that the path to leadership be visibly open to talented and qualified individuals of every race and ethnicity.”[5] However, it is apparent that Affirmative Action is only used to “open the door” as many believe that AA should not be needed for any

Get Access