Survey of major figures
Alfred Russel Wallace, the Father of Biogeography, was born January 8th, 1823. He was known as a naturalist, explorer, anthropologist, geographer and biologist. These last two fields are what made him into a biogeographer, and led him to develop the theory of evolution that would later prompt Charles Darwin to develop his own theory of evolution. What most people know of Wallace, was his creation of the Wallace line in Indonesia dividing animals that have an Australian origin on one side and an Asian origin on the other. Wallace held many controversial viewpoints on a lot of religious and social issues that ended up getting him criticized by his peers. He was a prolific writer who was one of the first to consider the impact of humans on the landscape and wrote about social issues and his adventures. His journal the Malayan Archipelago was one of his most popular journals published in in the 19th century. When Wallace died, many wanted him buried in Westminster Abbey, however his family followed his wishes and buried him in a small cemetery in Broadstone, Dorset. Shortly after, a medallion was created for him and is placed near Charles Darwin’s burial place in Westminster Abbey in 1915 (Spyman, 2011).
Alfred Lothar Wegener, born November 1, 1880 in Berlin, Germany to an orphanage director. He got his PhD in Astronomy at the University of Berlin in 1905 but later generated an interest in paleoclimatology. Over the years, Wegener worked as a professor
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Have you ever wondered about why Charles Darwin was so important? Charles Darwin was an amazing scientist. Born February 12, 1809. He grew up in a small town in Shrewsbury, England with six other siblings. He was the second youngest. His father was a doctor and was hoping that he would do the same when he got older, but it wasn’t for him. So he was always a risk-taker because even though his dad would’ve been mad he still went for his own way studying nature. He went to Christ's college in Cambridge and graduated from there. Darwin was always interested in nature, so when he went on a voyage. This tells us about how Darwin was always been interested by nature.
Darwin was the British naturalist who became famous for his theories of evolution and natural selection. Like several scientists before him, Darwin believed all the life on earth evolved over millions of years from a few common ancestors. From 1831 to 1836 Darwin served as naturalist aboard the H.M.S. Beagle on a British science expedition around the world. In South America Darwin found fossils of extinct animals that were similar to modern species. On the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific Ocean he noticed many variations among plants and animals of the same general type as those in South America. The expedition visited places around the world, and Darwin studied plants and animals everywhere he went, collecting specimens for further study.
Alfred Russel Wallace was an important figure in biology and made discoveries that forever changed biology. He was an interesting person to learn about and how he came up with the discoveries he made. Some of the things I found interesting about Alfred were his major contribution to science, what inspired him to do the work he did, and what the world knew about this topic at the time Alfred was working on his discoveries.
Alfred Russel Wallace may not be well known outside of the scientific community, but his contributions to the Theory of Evolution were invaluable to Charles Darwin. In fact, Wallace and Darwin collaborated on the idea of natural selection and presented their own findings jointly to the Linnean Society in London. Alfred Russel Wallace has become not much more than a footnote in history in that regard due to Darwin publishing his book On the Origin of Species before Wallace could publish his work.
Alfred Wallace is a priceless historical figure in the scientific community, more so in his own time than today. Wallace’s life was full of unfortunate twists; from illnesses to shipwrecks he had been through it all. However, none of these twists is more unfortunate than how he is remembered by history, or rather, how his has been forgotten by it. Alfred Wallace was one of the first to construct the theory of Natural Selection and how it drives evolution only to be beaten to the punch by Charles Darwin, who is usually credited with the theory. That’s not all Wallace did though; he also drafted maps, collected new species in Malaysia and was quite popular in his own time for these discoveries. Yet despite his struggles and his accomplishments,
Darwin’s observations from the islands made him want to come up with some explanation to why this occurred. He began to do research of each the species that had lived on these islands and observe all of the
Alfred Wegener was a meteorologist and astronomer. He was the first scientist to introduce the theory of the continental drift. Wegener theorized that at one time the continents were one large landmass or Pangaea that had drifted apart. His ideas were initially rejected by other scientists. It was not until long after Wegener’s death that proof was obtained and his theory verified.
Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace two different people yet one same idea. Charles Robert Darwin was an english naturalist whose theory of evolution by natural selection is defined as the “foundation of modern evolutionary theories.” Darwin and Wallace both lived during the same period of time in the mid 1800’s and both studied natures theory of evolution. Let us get into the evolution of Mister Charles Darwin. Alfred Russel Wallace was another English naturalist who also came up with the idea of evolution by natural selection at about the same time as Darwin. Darwin began his bold discoveries after a voyage around the world in 1837 through 1839, where he spent around twenty years on his studies of his theories, in which he waited almost two decades to unleash his discoveries.
Charles Darwin being known as one of the most controversial scientist in history, developed a theory that has changed the way the whole world sees itself and will see itself for generations to come. Charles has had some amazing achievements in his life and many contributions to the scientific study of life. While Journeying around the world, he studied many different species which led him to develop the theory of evolution which is theorized by millions of people today. Just seeing someone like Charles Darwin change the worldview of millions of people can show how just a theory like evolution could change the world forever.
Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace like so many of their predecessors made observations of natural phenomena that inspired proposals of how life on earth evolved, unlike others these men formed plausible explanations of how the changes in populations occurred without having any knowledge of Mendelian genetics which was presented in 1868, and provided the micro-mechanism for evolution that Darwin could never explain with his theory of Pangenesis. Rather, based solely on the observations each made over time observing different species of populations around the world, both men were able to pen the ideals that would serve as the foundation of the modern theory of evolution.
Captain Cook is most known for his extensive voyages of discovery for the British Navy, mapping much of the world's uncharted waters during that time. He circumnavigated the world twice during his lifetime, during which he logged descriptions of numerous plants and animals then unknown to most of mankind. Following Cook's explorations, a number of scientists began a closer study of marine life including Charles Darwin (1809-1882) who, although he is best known for the Theory of Evolution, contributed significantly to the early study of marine biology. His expeditions as the resident naturalist aboard the HMS Beagle from 1831 to 1836 were spent collecting and studying specimens from a number of marine organisms that were sent to the British Museum for cataloguing. His interest in geology gave rise to his study of coral reefs and their formation. His experience on the HMS Beagle helped Darwin formulate his theories of natural selection and evolution based on the similarities he found in species specimens and fossils he discovered in the same geographic region. The voyages of the HMS Beagle were followed by a 3-year voyage by the British ship HMS Challenger led by Sir Charles Wyville Thomson (1830-1882) to all the oceans of the world during which thousands of marine specimens were collected and analyzed. This voyage is often referred to as the birth
Through the work of curious minds before them, Darwin’s inspiration working as a naturalist on the HMS Beagle and traveling to the Galapagos Islands, and Wallace’s promptings for publication in 1856,