Alienation of Process according to Karl Marx

Decent Essays

Karl Marx discusses four forms of alienation and two of the four are equally important in the ongoing production of capitalism: alienation from the process and product one makes. From the alienation of process, the proletariat or maker is just a producer of the product. He does not have any say as to how a product should be made or improved because he is not the owner of the facilities or tools used to make the product. This can be incorporated to a worker in a factory. He or she may be given specific instructions and must follow through with the creation of the product. The entrepreneur, who owns the amenities used to make the product, has power over the labor of the workers. Therefore, entrepreneurs have the say as how the product should be developed. As a result, any completed or incomplete product is left at the hands of the entrepreneur rather than the maker. This leads to another form of alienation known as estrangement. Alienation from the product one makes, or estrangement, refers to the relationship of the manufactured goods and the maker. The proletariat may be able to put value in the product they make, but it does not necessarily mean they “own” the product. As a result, the higher class, in this case the entrepreneurs, makes revenue of the product produced by the maker. “All profit where the workers don’t own the means of production is based on exploitation” (89). The proletariats, therefore, are mistreated for the entrepreneurs’ benefit of gaining surplus

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