Chapter one of the The Contemporary Asian American Experience: Beyond the Model Minority, provides a great overview of the Asian American immigration history to U.S. and the aspects leading to the arrival of refugees from Asian countries. Since the early 1800s, hundreds of thousands of Asians have been migrating to America. As with many other immigrants, they were viewed as low class workers. Asian immigrants had very dangerous and low paid jobs that the majority of whites did not want to do. As a result, many white employers took advantage and exploited them. What strikes me the most is that Asian Americans participated in very important jobs but they were not recognized for their crucial contribution to the prosperity of the United States.
This article analyses the issue of race, ethnicity and immigration in the United States. Primarily focusing on the first and second generation of West Indians in the United States. The article takes on board the factors which may be influencing the immigrants experience and perspectives of their identity. These factors include topics such as assimilation, acculturation, social mobility and interaction. Waters conducts a qualitative study on the West Indian immigrants and their teenage children within New York. The study involved 83 interviews at various inner city schools. Research concludes that the West Indians are capable of balancing out their identities as West Indian and American. Water raises awareness that immigrants are constantly
Since the signing of the U.S. Immigration Act of 1965, there has been a massive influx of West Indian immigrants in New York City. Today, the West Indian subpopulation has grown to be among the largest minority groups in New York City. With such a strong ethnic presence, sociologists such as Nancy Foner, Philip Kasinitz, and Mary C. Waters have documented various aspects of the West Indian immigrant experience, such as degree of assimilation, ethnic and racial identities, and transnational relations. However, most of these studies focus on the Afro-Caribbean migrant experience and overlook the experiences of the many West Indians that are not of African descent. In actuality, the West Indies is a diverse region inhabited
During Westward Expansion, white settlers saw the Indians as a hindrance to civilization. Therefore the mindset of settlers were to convert Native Americans into white culture. To begin assimilating, the government should, “cease to recognize the Indians as political bodies,” adult male Indians should become a citizen to the government, Indian children shall be taken away and “be trained in industrial schools,” and Indians should be, “placed in the same position before the law.” Assimilating Indians wasn’t a simple teaching of a new culture instead, it was brutal. The boarding schools were merciless towards the Indians, mainly because they wanted to force Indians to drop their culture. Native Americans were obligated to change and lost their
The author believes the Indian New Deal will provide the Indians with new found benefits, many of which had been taken away from them by the government. The greatest benefit that the Indian New Deal would bring is the restoration of land. The Indians have been removed from their homes without a real excuse, and having their land back would be great. The New Deal would also prohibit the selling of land, making “Indian-owned land into tribal or community ownership”. With their land back the Indians would also free themselves from the suppression of their religious and social customs. This would all result in the benefit of self-government for the Indians with federal supervision, and if they prove being capable of self-government it could lead advancements in citizenship and their rights.
How Federal Indian policy impacted Native Americans, their economic independence, and their way of life during the latter half of the 1800s's. The white settlers wanted to conquer Indian Territory and railroads started into Indian lands. Ranchers, farmers, and more motivated disadvantaged Native Americans of their broken treaties and force them to move to a new territory. The reservation system and the government policy to Americanize Native Americans. Wardship and Reform, because the tribes moved to reservations to finding federal policies lacking to meet their needs. Of course by “changed their age-old cultural and subsistence practices and chained them to a life of poverty and isolation”. And to consider to destroy the reservation system
Beginning in 1789 with George Washington, the Indians living next to the American people forced federal Indian policies to be created, which ranged from coexistence to removal. These policies under the seven different presidents coincided in ways regarding expansion and removal, but also changed in ways regarding American interaction, civilization, and removal tactics of the Indians. Despite the consistent similarities in federal Indian policies during the years between the Washington and Jackson Administrations, the time frame ultimately led to major evolvement and transformations in viewpoints, treatments, and actions.
Caused the Indian population to move to the Indian Territories (Oklahoma). Indirectly caused almost 12.5% of the Indians to die while they were migrating to the West. Caused the Indians to lose their valuable lands and lose their houses,crops, and location that had a spiritual significance to them.The Indians were being pressured from both state and federal government which caused many conflicts with the Indians and started the Seminole war, and the Supreme court case of Nations vs Georgia, and Worcestor vs Georgia. This also caused many Christian missionaries to protest since many were teaching these Indians about the Christian religion. Allowed the Americans to obtain valuable Indian lands, and settle
The US in the 1830s debated the relationship between the US and Indian communities of North America. The principles calling for equal rights and political democracy of the people in America were in contradiction with the principles the US was initially against. American colonists began to view the vast expanse of lands controlled by Indians as desirable and could now use Indians in a new way: to acquire land for development . As the rapidly growing United States began to move towards the South in the early nineteenth century, white settlers were confronted by the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole nations, which became an obstacle in the way of their plight to acquire land to grow cotton and crops. In order to effectively
There alot of romanticized assumptions on this thread. There is no conclusive evidence that the colonists assimilated with the Native tribes. This evidence along with oral history is very problematic. First one would have to re examine known history as well as look through the understanding of both the tribes and the colonists.
After being considered Caucasian and being able to vote, Indians first arrived to America in the middle of the 1900s, in search of economic opportunity. Mostly to work in the farmlands (Indians). The number of Indians migrating to America annually is becoming significantly larger than before because of the modification to the Immigration Act of 1965. In the 1980’s, a second wave of Indian immigrants emerged averaging 20,000 Indians migrating to America annually; these immigrants were mostly young men and wives seeking for a better life in America. 19% arrived prior to 1980, 18% arrived between 1980 and 1989, 27% between 1990 and 1999, and lastly 36% entered the United States in 2000 and beyond. There are roughly 13 million Indian Americans and they are an instantaneously growing minority group in the United States. Most Indian immigrants reside in California or New Jersey. California has the highest number of immigrants. In 2011 about 21% (380,000) live in California. About 11% (210,400) of immigrants reside in New Jersey. Texas 9% (162,400), New York 8% (145,400) and Illinois 7% (127,200).
Immigration and Naturalization Service states that Asian immigrants accounted for 3.7% percent of the total immigrant population between 1901 and 1930, 8.6% between 1931 and 1970 and 34.5% for the period 1971-1993. The reason for the very large number in the last period was that the U.S. implemented a law in 1965 to remove the ban on Asian entry and "its principal effect was to initiate large-scale immigration from Asia" as Douglas states in his article, “The New Immigration and Ethnicity in the United States” (p 638). Before that there were laws banning the immigration of Asians to the U.S. In fact, Phil Sudo and Myles Gordon show in their research, “The Golden Door”, that 49 percent of Americans want Chinese immigration to the United States to be more difficult (p 24). Asian Indians and Chinese are the largest Asian subgroups in the nation (Skop and Li, 5). Chinese alone make up 7 percent of all legal immigrants, he added and by 2006 Chinese were 4 percent of the total U.S. population (Gonsoulin and Fu, 258). That makes Asians "one of the fastest-growing racial and ethnic minorities in the nation" (Skop and Li,
Indian students, “American Indian respondents tended to view the Fighting Sioux nickname/logo as not honoring University of North Dakota or the Sioux people” (LaRocque, McDonald, Weatherly, & Ferraro, 2011 p. 3). This proves that there is a huge negative connotation associated with these school mascots and according to American Indians themselves, they are not pleased with the current situation. It is important to realize the majority of people claiming that they are honoring the American Indian tribes are not American Indians and should not have a say in the matter of honor.
Native American they called American Indian or The Indians are America's the indigenous population before European settlement, Who does not know their origin, but mostly they passed through the ice bridge between Serbia (Asia) and Alaska through the ice age. The Indian population during pre-Columbian estimation was about ten million. In fact the estimation range is between 8.4 to 112.5 million depend on the estimate. Dramatically decrease because of disease death and extermination, but the population increase again to reach to around 4.5 million today.
I was born and grew up in Vietnam. I came to understand American Indian first in middle school through the history class. I was taught about America history through the general lessons, so my memory about American Indians is not much. I thought that they had the darken skins, painted bodies. In addition, they communicated with each other in their own language; they lived by hunting and farming. Moreover, American Indians were known as aboriginal people and they divided into many tribes with different races.