An Article On Hard Water

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Introduction “Hard water is water that contains cations with a charge of +2, especially Calcium and Magnesium.” This is a direct quote from Professor Rachel Casiday and Regina Frey from the Department of Chemistry at Washington University. Essentially, water hardness is the minerals that are built up into the ground water that can have several different effect on the water. It is determined by several different cations, but in this experiment, only by the amount of Ca^(2+) and Mg^(2+). Water is an absolute necessity to life. “About 80 liters of water per person per day is required to sustain a reasonable quality of life” (PSU Chemtrek). Being able to determine the quality of the water you drink is needed in order to maintain good health. Hard water isn’t only harmful to our bodies but to our appliances as well. JMAC Plumbing & Air Conditioning released an article written by Amy Ortega about a month ago warning the people in the Las Vegas area about their water heaters acting up possibly because of hardness in the water. They said and I quote, “Hard water is different from soft in that it is full of limestone, chalk, and dolomite. It’s generally not anything to worry about in terms of health, but it can be detrimental to your appliances.” Hard water can cause erosion in you appliances and can completely ruin appliances in your home. Yet, soft water can also cause problems just as severe in a different way. According to “The Hidden Risks of Softened Water”, by Martha Golea
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