Analysing the Factors That Prompted the Growth of Fascism in Italy by 1922

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Analysing the Factors That Prompted the Growth of Fascism in Italy by 1922 Fascism did not rise spontaneously nor was its growth prompted by one single event. Its roots grew from actions of people and groups over many years and of course one unique man, Benito Mussolini. Although Mussolini took power in 1922 the conditions allowing the germination of Fascism came from the years around 1914. Mussolini was quick to sense any political opportunity that came about over the following years. The pre-war years were an insecure time in Italy. Although unification had taken place in 1870, no real national identity existed. This was due to the individuality of region, since they had been independently…show more content…
The government had also embarked upon a war with Abyssinia, where they suffered a humiliating defeat at Adowa. Italy suffered 15,000 casualties and the war costs further put the country in debt. The government took a huge blow by receiving opposition from the Church. The Pope told Catholics not to participate the new state and priests helped to stir up unrest amongst the peasantry. These were very insecure times for the new state. Already we can see how people might turn to a radical solution in this bleak period. The government was left with an inferiority complex, which would be further emphasised, along with other problems, during the war. Italy's involvement in the war was an attempt by the government to solve the problem of terre irredente and to unite the people. However, there was much debate over whether Italy should join the war at all. The two camps were the neutralists and the interventionists. The government felt it had no choice in the matter; it had to go to war. Its reasoning was based on the belief that a victorious nation would look badly at Italy for not joining the war and they also wanted to be on the winning nations side. They of course did not know who was going to win so they decided they would join the side that offered them the best deal. Meetings with the Austrians

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