Ancient Greek Culture: The Parthenon In Athens

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Ancient Greek and Roman culture left numerous magnificent monuments that attest to the architectural skill of these two civilizations. These monuments remain standing until today which is a good evidence on their knowledge of how to choose building materials, make building formulas, how to design, and other secrets of how to build strong buildings that last for centuries.
One of the greatest Greek monuments is the Parthenon in Athens, built for Goddess Athena. The prominent Athenian politician, Perikles supported its construction. The work on this building began when the Athenian Empire was at the peak of its power in 447 BC and continued until 432. The Parthenon, then, represented the blossoming of Athenian imperial power (,
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Basically, it is built in the Doric order; it has a rectangular floor plan and a single row of pillars on all sides. The elements from Ionic order are a continuous sculpted frieze and four Ionic columns to support the roof of the opisthodomos. There are an additional six columns in front of each entrance. The naos is the larger of the two interior rooms contains the cult statue. The opisthodomos is the smaller room and was functioned as a treasury (, n.d.). The Parthenon's frieze and metope have rich decoration which agrees with the function of the temple as a treasury (Wikipedia, n.d.).
Now let’s explore the most influential building of ancient Rome; the Pantheon. The Pantheon is a Roman temple built by the emperor Hadrian and dedicated to all the gods of Rome (, n.d.). It has a circular shape in addition to a porch that leads to the entrance. It is known as the portico and has large Corinthian columns made of granite. A concrete dome tops the circular part which called the rotunda. There is an opening in the center of the dome that reveals the ski to the eye. The Pantheon has been turned into a church dedicated to St. Mary and the Martyrs since the 7th century (Wikipedia,
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