Anxiety Is A Common Mental Health Concern Affecting Children

912 Words Dec 6th, 2016 4 Pages
Anxiety is a common mental health concern affecting children, and children with ASD are at a higher risk for anxiety and concurring mental health concerns (Reaven, Blakeley-Smith, Leuthe, Moody, & Hepburn, 2012; White, Ollendick, Scahill, Oswald, & Albano, 2009; Wood et al., 2015). Studies suggest that anxiety disorders occur in 2.2-2.7% of the general population of children, while reports suggest that children with ASD are reported to have anxiety issues as much as two times higher (Reaven et al., 2012; Scattone & Mong, 2013). Anxiety is associated with substantial functional impairment in children with ASD at home, school, and community environments (Reaven, Blakeley-Smith, Culhane-Shelburne, & Hepburn, 2011; Wood et al., 2015). Anxiety in children with ASD may lead to excessive worry, distress, inability to socialize effectively, isolation, and insufficient performance in school (Reaven et al., 2012; Weiss, Viecilli, & Bohr, 2014; Wood et al., 2015). Children’s anxiety symptoms may also change over time (Reaven et al., 2012). Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) has increasingly been identified as one of the standard approaches for children with ASD (Reaven et al., 2012; Weiss et al., 2014; Wood et al., 2015). CBT focuses on the change in cognition or how thinking is processed (Reaven et al., 2011). The program incorporates exposure, relaxation, and role-play with the social-cognitive information-processing factors related to anxiety (Weiss et al., 2015). Target goals are…
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