Aristotle’s Impact on Current Society _NAME___ HUM 360 B1 Wilmington University Aristotle was one of the most important western philosophers. He was a student of Plato and the teacher of Alexander the Great. He wrote on many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. I found that his biggest impacts on modern society were in the subject areas of ethics, and zoology. Aristotle wrote the first book ever written about ethics titles “The Nicomachean Ethics,” and it is still one of the greatest and most influential. Its purpose is to teach us to be virtuous rather than to understand what virtue is. (Aristotle, 2009) Aristotle believed …show more content…
"Nothing is more remarkable than Aristotle 's efforts to exhibit the relationships of living things as a scala naturae.” Charles Singer, a modern British historian, and zoologist quotes referring to Aristotle’s “History of Animals” which classified organisms in relation to a hierarchical "ladder of life" (scala naturae).
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Within the Nicomachean Ethics, ethics is not merely a theoretical endeavor for Aristotle. Unlike any theoretical capacities, ethical action or virtuous character deals with a inculcated idea of what is right and that repetitive right action in similar situations. Thus, according to Aristotle, Ethics is an intensely practical pursuit which cannot be obtained solely through theoretical wisdom. For Aristotle, the best way to pursue and achieve the good is to employ theoretical wisdom with practical wisdom in order to achieve the best possible outcome in relation to the immediate situation and our greater world. Theoretical wisdom is concerned with the overarching themes, knowledge of any specific topic or scientific knowledge.
Aristotle’s virtue ethics assume that moral virtue is necessary for flourishing, It logically follows, then, that those exhibiting the ordinary vices of domination, despite appearances to the contrary, are far from ever attaining a truly good life. Aristotle’s ethics are too narrow in scope, because any code of ethics should be universally applicable and equal because reinforcing privilege and oppressive structures negatively affect everyone's chances--including the perpetrator’s-- at developing the virtues described in Nicomachean Ethics and therefore negatively affect everyone's chances at leading the best life possible.
Aristotle’s idea of Virtue Ethics was influenced by his belief that all things and all humans have a purpose (a telos). For him a complete explanation of something has to include its final cause or purpose which essentially is to realise its potential. Virtue Ethics itself is concerned with the characteristics of a person rather than how a person behaves and it is this he outlined in his book Nicomachean Ethics. A ‘’virtue’’ are qualities that lead to a good life e.g. courage and honesty. Aristotle explains for a person to adopt these qualities into their own lives is to maximise their potential to achieve a happy life and he goes
The most influential person in the pre-modern age in World History is Aristotle. Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. He wrote on many different subjects, including physics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, politics, government, ethics, biology and even zoology. Aristotle was one of the most important philosophers in Western thought, and was one of the first to systematize philosophy and science. Aristotle questioned the nature of the world and of human belief, knowledge, and thought. He invented a method for arguing according to rules of logic, but later applied his method to problems in the fields of psychology, biology, and physics. His thinking on physics and science had a
Aristotle is well known for his works as a Philosopher, highlighting some works known as On the Heavens, and the theoretical element to do with his Alchemy work Quinessence. He also was known for his work in biology, as he was able to identify nearly 600 species of animals into different groups that he had called genus.
Aristotle led an adventurous life travelling to pursue knowledge and teach others. During this time he also created theories about how the world work, while some were not on the side of success others helped create the ideas we use in modern science. His ideas of how elements and atoms create what is seen in the physical world helped spur modern chemistry and his philosophy of logic and observation played a big role in the scientific theory and empirical observation that is used
Out of all the great philosophers who have lived and taught, none can match the genius that is Aristotle. He provided the foundations for medicine, mathematics, astronomy, and even came up with a scientific vocabulary that is still being used to this day. Furthermore, because of Aristotle’s influence on the western world, it’s not surprising that Europe had arguably some of the brightest minds of the time; minds like Strato of Lampsacus, Archimedes, and Peter Abelard. Without Aristotle’s tutelage, none of these men would’ve reached their full potential. Consequently, this could have thrown the very fabric of history and the world into an intellectual dark age much sooner and, which would’ve lasted much longer. Even the Platonic philosophers would not have been able to fill the void the absence of Aristotelian
Aristotle was the man that taught the guy that almost conquered the world. Aristotle had taught Alexander The Great from the time that he was 13. Yet this wasn’t his biggest contribution. His biggest contribution was his simple emphasis on logic. He described it as “when certain things are laid down, something else follows out of necessity.” An example of this would be if someone was caught stealing then they would be punished. He said that people should be very cautious when they are about to do something and use logic to think of the consequence. This philosophy gained him many followers and is still used today, you don’t do something stupid because you know what the result will be. The result of his philosophy was that people started taking
In our society today, we are mostly challenged by two questions: ‘is it right to do this or that? And ‘how should I be living in society?’(Bessant, 2009). Similar questions were greatly discussed in the history by our ancestors in their philosophical discussions. The most ancient and long-lasting literature on moral principles and ethics were described by Greek philosopher Aristotle. He had an excellent command on various subjects ranging from sciences to mathematics and philosophy. He was also a student of a famous philosopher. His most important study on ethics, personal morality and virtues is ‘The Nicomachean Ethics’, which has been greatly influencing works of literature in ethics and heavily read for centuries, is believed to be
In Book II of the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle discusses the idea of moral virtue. Aristotle emphasized the importance of developing moral virtue as the way to achieve what is finally more important, human flourishing (eudaimonia). Aristotle makes the argument in Book II that moral virtue arises from habit—equating ethical character to a skill that is acquired through practice, such as learning a musical instrument. However in Book III, Aristotle argues that a person 's moral virtue is voluntary, as it results from many individual actions which are under his own control. Thus, Aristotle confronts us with an inherently problematic account of moral virtue.
Aristotle was not just any person. He was one of the most distinguished and important Greek philosophers of all time. Aristotle was born in 384 BCE in the town of Stagira, Greece. His range of work was very broad, covering most of the sciences and many arts such as biology, botany, chemistry, ethics, history, logic, metaphysics, rhetoric, philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, physics, poetics, political theory, psychology, and zoology. He was the author of what became the foundation of both Christian Scholasticism and medieval Islamic philosophy. Even after his death in 322 BCE and historic events such as enlightenment, Aristotle’s concepts still remain present in Western thinking and continue to be studied.
Aristole was a Greek philosopher and scientist who is still considered one of the greatest thinkers in politics, psychology and ethics. Some of his most notable works include Ethics, politics and logic. He was born in 384 BC to Father of Nicomachus and phaestis at Stagirus, and now extinct Greek colony and seaport on the coast of Thrace. His Dad Nichomachus worked as a court physician to King Amyntas of Macedonia, and from this began Aristotle's alliance with Court, which really influenced him for the rest his life.