Attachment Styles And Their Influence On Adult Relationships

1860 Words8 Pages
From the 1960s to the 1980s psychologists have worked and developed a four-part attachment style for adults. These styles are related to how individuals see themselves, how they see others, and how they relate to the people who are special to them. The attachment styles are secure, anxious-preoccupied, dismissive-avoidant, and fearful-avoidant. Bowlby, an early psychologist studying attachment styles theorized that the attachment relationship that a child has with his/her primary caregiver will determine the attachment style the child develops (Bowlby, 1969). When caregivers provide a safe and trusting environment and are responsive to the needs of the child, the child develops a secure attachment style. When the child does not receive the positive reinforcement of a healthy relationship with their primary caregiver the attachment style developed is dismissive, anxious, or fearful. The attachment style is carried into their adult relationships and influence the success or failure of their adult relationships. The attachment style appears to be more flexible than first thought with trauma and negative life events having influence on the stability of the attachment style. This paper will review research and articles about attachment style in relation to positive and negative child-caregiver relations and the stability of the attachment style over time. Positive Caregiver Connection Infants that have a positive connection with their primary caregiver tend to develop secure
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