Attentention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD and What Can be Done About It

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder also known as ADHD is the common childhood brain disorders and can continue through adolescence and even adulthood. The symptoms of ADHD includes sign of inattention, hyperactivity and implusivity. (National Institute of Mental Health (NIH), 2012). Children with ADHD tend to experience problems in completing a task, academic performance and are often unpopular among peers. (Barlow & Durand, 2012).

Treatments for ADHD is classified into non medicine treatments and medicine treatments. Non medicine treatments are divided into Biological and Psychosocial interventions. The objective of biological approach is to minimise children's abrupt behavior, and enhancing their attentional skills. (Barlow &
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(Barkley, 2002). Child training intervention target on a step-wise method in completing an assignment through building method from adult verbal instructions to self explanation followed by appraisal of children performance.

Among these three methods, parent training intervention is a better method in treating ADHD. According to Rajwan, Chacko & Moeller, 2012, Children undergo the parent training intervention not only show a change in opposing, violent, disruptive behavior, but also shown an improvement in attention skills and hyperactivity. Teacher training intervention is not preferred as it shows change in children's behavior, productivity and accuracy for a short period of time. (Barkley, 2002). Furthermore, children that has discontinued from teacher training intervention before shows no effect if they were to be exposed to similar intervention again.

Another treatment method for ADHD will be the medicinal treatment. According to myADHD, n.d, there are two types of medication: stimulant and non stimulant. Example of stimulant are methylphendiate and amphetamine. Example of non stimulant is atomoxetine. By comparing parent training intervention method with medication, medication will be a better choice. According to a research by Grizenko, Cai, Jolicoeur, Ter-Stepanian & Joober, 2013, short term usage of methylphendiate will decrease children abrupt behavior and increase their problem solving

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