“ADHD is a neurological difference that affects learning and language, and every aspect of life” (Hardman). It has been argued that ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder) is not a real disease, but it has been confirmed by neurological testing that ADHD is a real disease. It has been found that ADHD symptoms are caused by a child having less brain activity in their frontal lobes; this part of the brain controls the impulse control which will make it harder for the child to sit still. There are three symptoms of ADHD: inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Not every case has all three symptoms; some can have just one of the three. The most common type of ADHD is a combination of all three symptoms. Children with the first symptom, inattention, may have the following behaviors: have a hard time paying attention, be easily distracted from work or play, not follow through on instructions or finish tasks, and forget things. Children with the second symptom, hyperactivity, may exhibit the following behaviors: cannot stay seated, squirms and fidgets, talks too much, and cannot play quietly. Children with the third symptom, impulsivity, may show the following behaviors: acts and speaks without thinking, has trouble taking turns, cannot wait for things, and interrupts others. “It has been found that there is a difference in the brain of someone with ADHD and the brain of someone without ADHD” (Pagan). ADHD can look different in every child. For one child it can look like
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According to a study by The Pew, more than 2.7 million children have an incarcerated parent. The following consequences are often underestimated and undetectable. Incarcerated parents are extremely detrimental to the well-being of the children involved. Minors involved with the arrest of their parents often suffer more complications than someone without an incarcerated parent. Foremost, these minors are more likely to have attention problems like Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Additionally, they could have behavioral hardships such as anxiety, depression, or eating disorders. Lastly, they could have complications in the development of relationships because of emotional problems. This
Understanding the impact of race and gender on the diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) begins with knowledge of the disorder and its symptoms. A description of ADHD is given in an article titled Overview of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Young Children, where it is defined as a complex disorder that can develop in preschool years and continue throughout adulthood (Singh, Yeh, Verma, & Das, 2015, pp. 23-35). However, Singh et al. (2015) discuss how the specifics of what constitutes ADHD has changed each time the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual has been revised, but as of the Fifth Edition, a person has to meet six out of nine symptoms of inattention to be officially diagnosed with ADHD. Although there
“Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood” (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). ADHD in real terms is the inability to focus. Several people have describe people with ADHD as skirmish, talkative, and have trouble waiting. ADHD has been previously described as ADD (attention deficit disorder) but the only difference is the “H”. This “H” describes how this disorder deals with hyperactivity, while ADD can be more calm.
Every day I walk into a room full of young students eager to learn and explore the world around them, and yet I know for some of them their ability to focus in a large classroom setting prevents them from succeeding. I watch them struggle to maintain focus while listening to instruction, and I see their overactive minds tap-tap-tapping away in their own world during independent work time. These students suffer from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, also known as ADHD. In attempts to better understand and serve the students I work with my research and subsequent paper will focus around the symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, specifically as they occur within children 5-14 years old, as well as an examination on the variety of treatments for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms. Ultimately, concluding that children in school should be required to pursue some form of treatment for their Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms in order to improve their learning in the classroom. Of the 86 students that I service, I have nine students who have been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and only six of those students are receiving medication. The statistics of my classroom closely reflect the national averages for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder diagnosis and treatment. The National Survey of
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is described as the most common neurobehavioral condition of childhood. We raise the concern that ADHD is not a disease, but rather a group of symptoms representing a final common behavioral pathway for a gamut of emotional, psychological, and/or learning problems (J Child Neurol 2005). ADHD starts in childhood, there are several different requirements symptoms to be present before the age of 12 years old. These symptoms must take place in more than one setting; examples are as follows school, work, and home. To confirm the ADHD symptoms, settings typically cannot be done accurately without consulting the person who has notice the individual in
Throughout our lifetimes we come across many different opportunities to make decisions that can lead us to success or to complete destruction of our lives. Making mistakes is a common part of life but when poor decisions seem to overtake a person’s lifestyle and a pattern surfaces it is possible they have a psychological disorder that needs to be treated. Mr. Needham presented with a history of periods of impulsivity and depression. His pattern of symptoms fulfill several of the defining criteria for bipolar I disorder.
Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder is a disorder that occurs in the brain that results in a lack of attention and an impulse of hyperactivity. This can interfere with the person’s development and functioning. People who suffer from ADHD show patterns of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. In children, ADHD is shown to be more common in boys than in girls. Some studies report a high ratio of boys to girls. The inattentive type of ADHD is found more commonly in girls than in boys. People who have ADHD as children usually maintain the full diagnosis into adulthood. Even if they don 't the children will have some residual symptoms of ADHD as adults.
According to National Center for Learning Disabilities article “How ADHD Affects Learning” “symptoms of ADHD are often severe, frequent, and first occur early, between the ages of three and six” (2010). Being overly active, trouble staying focused or paying attention, and trouble controlling impulses are the main symptoms doctors are seeing in kids today. There are factors that are said to contribute to this learning disability; environmental factors, brain injuries, sugar, early exposure to lead, smoking and alcohol consumption during pregnancy, and food additives. Genes are now being studied and being said that they play a big role in ADHD. “A study of children with ADHD found that those who carry a particular version of a certain gene have thinner brain tissue in the areas of the brain associated with attention” (“Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder” 2012). Symptoms of ADHD may be easy to spot in a child but getting a correct diagnosis is not.
ADHD is the commonly refered to acronym of a disorder know as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. ADHD is a physical disorder not an emotional disorder. While problems at home, poor parenting or stress at school may affect how symptoms come to be recognized, they are not the cause of ADHD. Symptoms of this disorder include children who display hyperactivity, impulsivity, and or including inattentiveness to an extent that it is not age appropriate. There are three variations of this disorder and the symptoms listed above will vary depending on these variations. ADD is accosiated with ADHD but without the symptom of hyperactivity. A child with ADD will be inattentive and implusive to a degree that is not appropriate. The third variation associated with this disorder is a combination of the two. Children may also display symptoms of both ADHD and ADD which means they will display all of the symptoms listed above. (Ruth D. Nass, 2011)
ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopment disorders of childhood. It’s first diagnosed in your early years and usually goes into adulthood. Kids with ADHD may have difficulty paying attention, handling their impulsive behaviors, or they can be very energetic. ADHD produces symptoms that are characterized by distractibility, hyperactivity, forgetfulness, and poor impulse control. ADHD being a big topic with an abundance of information on it, this paper will focus on a little background of ADHD including some causes, followed by some symptoms that have been drawn to ADHD, and lastly treatments that are used to help the disorder.
The question of the century is: does Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) even exist? Also, if it does exist, are children being over diagnosed or overmedicated? Some believe it is a combination of societal changes and outlooks on behavior and some believe it is due to the booming industry of psychopharmacology and over diagnosis (Hinshaw & Scheffler, 2014). There is no question that this disorder is the number one diagnosis in children today and many people are questioning the credibility of this phenomena. To fully understand the disorder it is important to discuss the history, the controversies that pertain to each side, as well as the treatments that are currently being used today.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a psychological disorder that affects many children and adults in the world. This disorder affects many aspects of their lives as well as the lives of people around them. People with this disorder may find it hard to live a normal life, as well parents of these children may find it difficult to live with the symptoms. Many questions have been answered about this disorder but many still remain. What is ADHD, the characteristics or symptom’s, causes, and is there a genetic cause? Some of these answers have been answered but some are still questionable.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a common neurobehavioral disorder. Julien (2010) states that the “dopaminergic activity in the prefrontal cortex of the brain seems to be important in ADHD”. The PFC is a primary component of the brain to regulate behavior, attention and impulse control. Lesions in this part of the brain can contribute to ADHD. When there is not enough norepinephrine and dopamine going to the PFC, ADHD can present itself. According to the DSM-5, the prevalence is 5% of children and 2.5% of adults. The DSM-5 also states that the occurrence of ADHD is more frequent in males than females by 2:1. ADHD can have comorbid diagnosis. These diagnosis can involve oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities, depression and anxiety.
It’s normal for a child to occasionally forget to do their homework, get fidgety when they lose interest in an activity, or speak out of turn during class time. But inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are all signs of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADHD is a neuro-development disorder and can start as early as three years old throughout adulthood. People with ADHD have trouble focusing on tasks and activities, this can have a negative impact on the individual in different ways. It can make the child feel alone, incompetent, and powerless and those that don’t understand this behavior only intensified their struggle. Family and schools have a major impact on the life of a child suffering with ADHD. Parents who
Goodman and Scott (1997) suggest that ‘childhood hyperactivity is a high level of behaviour that is often characterised by lack of control rather than the volume of behaviour.’ However, Booton, Cooper, Easton & Harper (2012) argue that children with hyperactivity are unable to sit still, have poor concentration and impulsive behaviour. I agree with Booton, Cooper, Easton & Harper (2012) because these are the challenging characteristics that appear in children who are hyperactive. In contrast to Goodman and Scott (1997), I believe hyperactivity does not necessarily occur due to lack of control. There may be high volumes of hyperactivity that can be controlled through behaviour management strategies (BMS) such as positive reinforcement,