Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )

3918 Words May 4th, 2015 16 Pages
Once a child is born, the parents may ask questions such as what kind of child he or she will grow up to be. However, when the child is born with a disability, the line of questioning may change to how could this happen to my child or what do we do now? Receiving the news that one’s child has been diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may shatter a parent as their child and family’s life begins to change. These parents are now faced with many obstacles in trying to do what they feel will be best for their child. Now imagine having a child and you believe that he/she is not typically developing, but you never know what exactly is going on with them. This lack of diagnosis tends to occur within ASD when it comes to diagnosing females. This literature review will explore the misdiagnosis of females with ASD and some theories on why this may be occurring.
What is autism?
Autism Spectrum Disorder is originally defined by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V). A child diagnosed with ASD meets criteria within the two domains of “persistent deficits in social communication and social interactions across multiple contexts” and “restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interest or activities” (APA, 2013). In reporting ASD, severity specifiers may be used to describe current symptoms for each domain. Symptoms of ASD can vary and be categorized on 3 different levels: level 1…

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