Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )

2111 Words Nov 2nd, 2014 9 Pages
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental and neurological condition that affects individuals in the areas of social communication and social interaction, and it is also characterized by the presence of repetitive behaviors and language difficulties. Other characteristics include delays in reasoning and self help skills (Smith, 2011) p. 1037). Individuals with ASD vary widely in level of intelligence and may also exhibit other co-existing conditions such as intellectual disability, depression, and phobias (Nozomi, 2009). The disorder begins in early childhood, but is usually not diagnosed prior to the age of two to five years old or when a child enters school. In 2013, the Center for Disease Control reported that there was a major increase in the occurrences of this condition, and approximately one out of every fifty children or two percent of children between the ages of six and seventeen have developed it in the United States (Braus, 2014). Therefore, there has been a strong emphasis placed on gaining more knowledge about ASD and how to treat the disorder more effectively for the purpose of improving life functions in individuals with the condition and to help them reach their full potential. Different treatment approaches have been developed for ASD, and because of the growing need to screen and diagnose individuals with the disorder at an early age, speech-language pathologists need to thoroughly understand the condition as they work with school personnel,…

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