The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was proclaimed on 10 December 1948, but it still did not include the rights of persons with disabilities. In other words, in many countries, people with disability did not have their rights guaranteed by law. So, soon organizations began to emerge to fight, represent and guarantee the rights of all people with disabilities. Today there are hundreds of them representing all types of disabilities, for example Autistic Minority International and The Center for the Human Rights of Users and Survivors of Psychiatry (CHRUSP). The first one is an autism self-advocacy organization. The founder and president of this organization is Erich Kofmel. They act at the global political level (it is a NGO – non-governmental organization, and non-profit association). The purpose of this organization is to fight for the interests of autistics around the world at and through the United Nations, World Health Organization, and other international organizations. They promote and assist the participation of national and local self-advocacy groups at United Nations conferences and processes. They think that there is no cure for autism (medical care just improve the life quality and independence). …show more content…
They work to protect people who have experienced (or diagnosed with) madness, mental health problems or trauma. They want to end with forced drugging, forced electroshock and psychiatric incarceration; they believe that we have to respect individual integrity and free will. The organization is mostly lead by people who are “survivors of psychiatry”. CHRUSP is preoccupied about the promotion of medical model mental health treatment in the justice issues. They do not believe that the medical treatment is the solution, but they believe in a change in how patients with mental health problems are seen and treat by
1) explain why it is important to recognise that each individual on the autistic spectrum has their own individual abilities, needs, strengths, preferences and interests
Autism spectrum condition affects a range of different individuals and is a spectrum condition and affects people in a number of different ways. It is important when supporting an individual with autism to identify and recognise each individuals’ abilities – what they can do successfully, needs – what the individual needs support with, strengths and gifts – what the individual is good at, what they have a real talent in, and interests – what is motivating for the person.
Tommy R. is a 6-year-old boy and a kindergarten student in a K-8 combined elementary and junior high school in the San Jose greater metropolitan area. There has been a meeting requested by his educational team and parents to talk about his behavior in school and cognitive abilities in the classroom. School staff have been receiving complaints from Tommy’s teacher and classroom staff about not following direction and non-compliance. Tommy also struggles with completing some classroom tasks as well.
Disabled children and young people have the same right, as non-disabled children and young people to participate in decisions and issues that affect them. This is outlined in both the UN Convention on the Rights of Children (UNCRC) and in the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD). Despite this, disabled children and young people continue to face significant barriers and challenges to participation.
Outcome 1 Understand the legislation and policies that support the human rights ind inclusion of individuals with learning disabilities
1.1 Explain why it is important to recognise that each person on the autistic spectrum has their own individual abilities, needs, strengths, gifts and interests...
Identify legislation and policies that are designed to promote the human rights, inclusion, equality and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities.
Autism is a brain disorder that is characterized by slow and difficult comprehension of spoken and non-verbal communication and repetition of behaviors. Autism is normally noticed in the first two years of a child (Myers & Johnson, 2007). Asperger syndrome is an autistic disorder that has almost the same similarities with autism. People with Asperger syndrome have little comprehension of the world and its surroundings and poor communication with other people. People with Asperger syndrome are hard to recognize, as they do not show on their outward appearances. They are average or above average intellectually and have fewer problems in terms of speech and specific learning disabilities unlike in autism. These difficulties include dyslexia, epilepsy, and attention
Today, we are seeing a rising increase in the occurrence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children. What once used to be a rare disorder is now commonly recognized in the medical field as well as in the community. Not only is autism a health issue in itself, but many health issues come along with the disorder. This paper will discuss the description of the population, the top health issues and their relevance, and interventions and outcomes that can help reduce these health issues in this specific population.
From Dorothea Dix in the 1800’s to Frank Bowe and the American Coalition of Citizens with Disabilities (ACCD) in the 1970’s, many disability rights activist tried to win support for anti-discrimination laws. Many times, it was the parent advocates at the forefront, who were demanding that their children be taken out of institutions and asylums, and
There is a range of conditions to be found within the spectrum which can also be seen as a continuum. The labels which are attached to certain parts of the spectrum are a guide, but do not indicate clear cut boundaries between one condition and another. One form of autism seems to blend into another, and sometimes it can be unclear where an individual stands. Nor does it greatly matter, provided enough is understood to ensure that the person receives all the necessary and appropriate support. Some of the key conditions on the autistic spectrum are:
References Altern, J. (2006). Abnormally High Plasma Levels of Vitamin 6 in Children with Autism Not Taking Supplements Compared to Controls not Taking Supplements. US National Library of Medicine. National Institute of Health. Complement Med, 12 (1), 59-63.
Disability is of particular interest for justice because of the way in which it contrasts two basic and powerful senses of injustice: (1) the treatment of people as moral, social or political inferiors on the basis of irrelevant characteristics and (2) the perpetuation and/or failure to correct inequalities between income, wealth, health and other aspects of well-being amongst individuals. Article 13 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) guarantees access to justice. This article has two sections: first, “States Parties shall ensure effective access to justice for persons with disabilities on an equal basis with others, including through the provision of procedural and age-appropriate accommodations, in order to facilitate their effective role as direct and indirect participants, including as witnesses, in all legal proceedings, including at investigative and other preliminary stages; and second, in order to help to ensure effective access to justice for persons with disabilities, States Parties shall promote appropriate training for those work” (United Nations, 2006, p. 11). Cremin (2016) provided insights on the parameters of article 13. He discussed how article 13 attempts to clarify what effective access to justice requires and also provides recommendations on how the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities can improve its guidance on access to justice to help ensure equal rights for persons with disabilities.
The objective of this study is to examine the vulnerable population of those with Autism and to examine the characteristics and attributes that make this group vulnerable. This work will identify the risk factors that contribute to potential health threats and describe how the community health nurse would assess for these potential and actual health problems. A list of formal and informal resources will be included. Finally, this work will examine how the effectiveness of nursing interventions may be evaluated.