Background: Humor, Laughter And Play Have Been Therapeutic

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Background: Humor, laughter and play have been therapeutic interventions used on pediatric patients for many years. More recently, the use of humor has shown to improve adult patient, outcomes as well. Humor therapy is a complimentary intervention that is used either with or in place of traditional medicine. Benefits of therapeutic humor include biological, and psychological. Humor therapy has also shown to improve nurse-patient relationships and communication.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of laughter/humor therapy on the outcomes of the adult patient population including biological, psychological, and the nurse-patient relationship, by analyzing current research. Implementation of complimentary
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According to the CDC (2015), 48.1 percent of Americans reported taking one prescription medication, while 21.8 percent reported taking three or more. Opioid narcotics are one of the most commonly prescribed medications in the US (CDC, 2015). They are prescribed for pain control, but have more recently been associated with drug abuse. The CDC (2016) reported that two million Americans either abused or overdosed on prescription opioids in the year 2014; over half of which were prescribed. Antidepressants are also one of the most commonly prescribed medications, more-so to the female population, as they are at a higher risk for mental health disorders (O’Mullan, C., Doherty, M., Coates, R., & Tilley, P. M. (2014). Common side effects of antidepressants include, but are not limited to: nausea, headache, somnolence, fatigue, constipation, decreased appetite, and vertigo (Kikuchi, Uchida, Suzuki, Watanabe, & Kashima, 2011).
Importance of the Study The problem identified is that a large population of American adults are not only suffering from their diseases, but from unwanted effects of medications prescribed to manage these diseases. Fortunately, there are complementary and alternative treatments that have been proven to improve patient outcomes; that could potentially decrease the need for as many prescription medications. The purpose of this study is to identify the use of therapeutic humor, a

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