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Baghdad

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Baghdad was a beautiful city, with influences from many cultures. It was designed with two large semi-circles by the Tigris river. Islam’s blending of cultures, brotherhoods, and ideas shaped and made Baghdad possible. There were many parks, gardens, baths, reservoirs, fountains, flowers, vast streets and promenades. It was divided into blocks which each had its own supervisor. The architecture included beautiful buildings, and was one of the most prosperous cities in history. Baghdad included extraordinary cultural diversity, which allowed it to prosper, among other things. Almost two million people lived in Baghdad at its peak. Islam’s ideas of brotherhood helped to develop Baghdad’s agriculture and trade, which were second to none during…show more content…
Merchants and entrepreneurs were recognized by Islamic law with regards to their security by, “Explicitly recognizing certain forms of business organization” (Page 43, Reading 7). A person called a muhtasib, or market inspector, made sure that the weights used in markets were up to standard, and to make sure that all business was fair. They checked prices, and made sure that all business was fair. There was someone called the sayafi, who exchanged money and valued money from all lands. This was to help merchants value coins from far off places such as Venice, to create fair trade. Fair trade allowed the various groups to communicate together, as well as share new crops and breeds of animals and trade. These new plants included rice, wheat, artichokes, fruits of all sorts, as well as cotton and indigo. These new crops were key in increasing agricultural production, which produced a food surplus, essential in a large city like Baghdad with more than a million people. The new crops also led to the creation of paper manufacturing. Once paper was easily made, “Paper facilitated the keeping of administrative and commercial records, and it…show more content…
There were many ornate mosques in Bagdad. Mosques were the center of life, so bazaars would arise around the mosques. The blocks in which Bagdad was comprised of each had an overseer. They made sure that the block was clean and safe. There was a large open space where troops from all nationalities could parade. Troops were brought together from different locations where Islam had taken hold. These troops had ships from all across the land in the harbor, from the “Chinese (ship), to the old Assyrian raft resting on inflated skins” (Page 31, Reading 6). This showed the remarkable power that Islam had on people. Hospitals and infirmaries were built to satisfy the Muslim tenets of helping one another. Places of learning were built to help people improve their knowledge. Numerous suburbs were right outside the main city. There were parks, gardens, and villas. There was no hierarchy in Islam, except for the Prophet’s family. The Caliph, or successor to the prophet, had a palace in the middle of a, “Vast park beside a menagerie and aviary comprised an enclosure for wild animals reserved for the chase. The palace grounds were laid out with gardens… with plants, flowers, and trees, reservoirs and fountains” (Page 30, Reading 6). This was created for one of the most important people in the Islamic religion, the
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