Bipolar Disorder And Mental Health

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Bipolar disorder has become more prevalent in the United States, particularly Bipolar Disorder II, which accounts for 30-50% of patients with depression (Thomas & Hersen, 2002). Historically bipolar was known as manic depression (Thomas & Hersen, 2002). According to National Institute of Mental Health (n. d.) “Most scientists agree that there is no single cause, rather many factors that act together to produce the illness or increase the risk” (NIMH, n. d.) Some of those factors can be family, workplace, and environmental stressors along with some precipitants such as: history of past suicide, medical issues, interpersonal conflicts, disputes, job related failure (Thomas & Hersen, 2002). On the other hand, DSM IV categorizes bipolar according to severity, duration, and quality of presenting manic symptoms (Thomas & Hersen, 2002). Its believed that the onset of Bipolar diagnosis is mid 20’s (NIMH, n. d.). There are 4 types of bipolar disorders, the first is Bipolar 1, which is distinguished by a manic episode which usually leads a person to be hospitalized or abnormal behavior for about 1 week, along with 5 out of 8 symptoms of depression (Thomas & Hersen, 2002). Manic episode can also be abnormal behavior, displayed anywhere including workplace, such as: irritability, racing thoughts/flight of ideas, poor concentration, confusion, loud, argumentative, euphoria, and thoughts of grandiosity (Thomas & Hersen, 2002). Bipolar II displays milder symptoms of mania and briefer

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