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Celiac Disease Essay

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Celiac disease is the most common genetic autoimmune disease on the planet. This means you cannot grow out of this disease. Celiac disease is projected to affect at least 1% of the population in the world. Celiac Disease is a reaction to eating gluten; gluten is a protein found in various foods including: wheat, rye, and barley and is also found in foods such as bread, pasta, cookies, and cakes. Many products like, lip balms and lipsticks, hair and skin products, toothpastes, vitamin and nutrient medicines, have gluten in them. Over a period of time, the immune reaction to eating gluten creates inflammation that damages the lining of the small intestine. Villi absorb vitamins, sugars, and other nutrients as food comes through the small intestine. When a person with celiac disease eats gluten, the villi become flat and the lining in the small intestine becomes damaged. This can cause the body to not absorb some nutrients.
Celiac disease has more than 200 known symptoms that can affect a person either in the digestive system or other parts of the body. The most common symptom is diarrhea. Other symptoms include: bloating, gas, fatigue, low blood count (anemia), osteoporosis, vomiting,
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The inner lining of intestine becomes incapable of absorbing nutrients. This disease is hereditary, meaning it runs in families. The risk of getting this disease is 1 in every 10 people with a 1st degree relative. For example, if my father or mother has celiac disease, I have a 1 in 10 chance of developing the disease. Celiac disease isn’t a dominant or recessive disease, and it is not sex-linked, it is a chronic, inherited disorder passed from the parent to the child. A person is considered to have celiac disease if they have a mixture of specific alleles of the HLA-DQA1 and HLA-DQB1 genes, which are located on chromosome 6. The mixtures of these specific alleles are called
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