Cerebral Edema

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Cerebral Edema, Pediatric

Cerebral edema is swelling (edema) in your child’s brain. Cerebral edema is caused by a buildup of fluid in brain tissue in response to a brain injury or condition.
Cerebral edema is a medical emergency that is treated at the hospital.

Cerebral edema has many causes. Some common causes of cerebral edema in children include:
• Brain injury (trauma).
• Lack of oxygen to the brain.
• Very high sugar levels caused by diabetes (diabetic ketoacidosis).
• Bleeding inside or around the brain.
• Blocked blood supply to part of the brain (stroke).
• Brain tumors.
• Brain structure abnormalities your child is born with (congenital brain malformations).
• Infection from a virus or bacteria.

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