Chapter 2 Fill In The Blank Essay

887 WordsFeb 18, 20154 Pages
1.An extensive network of specialized cells that carry information to and from all parts of the body is called the nervous system. 2.The basic cell that makes up the nervous system and which receives and sends messages within that system is called a neuron. 3.The long tube-like structure that carries the neural message to other cells on the neuron is the axon. 4.On a neuron, the branch-like structures that receive messages from other neurons are the dendrites. 5. The cell body of the neuron, responsible for maintaining the life of the cell and containing the mitochondria is the soma. 6.The fatty substances produced by certain glial cells that coat the axons of neurons to insulate, protect, and speed up the neural impulse is the myelin.…show more content…
19.The autonomic nervous system division of the PNS consists of nerves which control all of the involuntarymuscles, organs, glands, and sensory pathway nerves. 20.The part of the ANS that is responsible for reacting to stressful events and bodily arousal is called the sympathetic division of the nervous system. 21.A machine designed to record the brain wave patterns produced by electrical activity of the surface of the brain is called a(n) electroencephalograph. 22. The part of the lower brain located behind the pons that controls and coordinates involuntary, rapid, fine motor movement is called the cerebellum. 23.The part of the limbic system located in the center of the brain, this structure relays sensory information from the lower part of the brain to the proper areas of the cortex and PROCESSES some sensory information before sending it to its proper area and is called the thalamus. 24. The larger swelling above the medulla that connects the top of the brain to the bottom and that plays a part in sleep, dreaming, left–right body coordination, and arousal is called the pons. 25. Reticular formation is an area of neurons running through the middle of the medulla and the pons, and slightly beyond, that is responsible for selective attention. 26. The hippocampus is a curved structure located within each temporal lobe, responsible for the formation of long-term

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