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Characteristics of Various Deer Species Essay

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White tailed deer, elk, and moose are all types of deer. They are ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae which means they grow and shed new antlers each year. These three types of deer live in areas ranging from the wilderness, forests, brush thickets, prairie, and your backyard. While often associated with forests, deer are an Eco tone species that can adapt to different environments in order to survive. The white-tailed deer, elk, and moose have different dietary needs ranging from tree bark to the tender grass allowing them to live in the same community while foraging on different foods. Reproduction characteristics for these mammals are similar but distinctive to their own breed. They have different mating patterns,…show more content…
Female fawns may stay with their mother for two years; the males usually leave after a year. The mature white-tailed deer becomes tan or brown in the summer and grayish brown in winter. Its throat has white on it, around its eyes and nose are white, on its stomach and on the underside of its tail are also white. The males have antlers and can weigh between one hundred fifty and three hundred pounds. The females do not have antlers and weigh between ninety and two hundred pounds. Whitetails have a potential life span of eleven or twelve years, but seldom live longer than five and half years.
Elk live in a variety of habitats, from rain forests to alpine meadows and dry desert valleys to hardwood forests. The elk’s diet in the summer through fall consists of grasses and forbs. The winter diet consists of grasses, shrubs, tree bark and twigs. The male elk are called bulls and the females are called cows. Elk breed in the fall and the females can produce one and very rarely two offspring. Gestation period is about eight months and the offspring weigh between thirty three and thirty five pounds. When the females are close to giving birth, they isolate themselves by moving away from the herd. They will stay hidden until the calf is grown enough to get away from predators. Calves have white spots when they are born, this seen in many species of deer, the calves will lose their spots once the summer comes to an end. Calves are able to join
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