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Essay about China’s Water Supply Problems And The Solutions

Decent Essays
People often think that water will never be used up. There is plenty of water, such as rain, water from the rivers and wells. It seems as if water is always available around us and we never have to worry about water shortage. In fact water is rather limited on the earth. With the rapid increase of population and fast development of industries, water is more needed than before. At the same time, a large amount of water has been polluted and wasted every day. Some big cities in China are facing the problem of water shortage already. There, water supply is controlled and industry has been restrained.
China says water supplies exploited by 2030 written by Chris Bukley reports:
China will have exploited all available water supplies to the
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Nevertheless, much remains to be achieved. A staggering 300 million Chinese still do not have access to an improved source of water supply, and about 750 million do not have access to improved sanitation. Progress in rural areas appears to lag behind what has been achieved in urban areas. There are also operational problems. For example, many wastewater treatment plants do not operate properly, thus limiting the positive impact of the major investments made on the environment.

Water supply and sanitation in the People's Republic of China
From MedBib.com - Medicine & Nature
People's Republic of China: Water and Sanitation Data
Water coverage (broad definition) 77%
Sanitation coverage (broad definition) 44%
Continuity of supply (%) Generally continuous, but seasonal shortages in some areas [1]
Average urban water use (liter/capita/day) 204 (2005) [2]
Average urban water and sewer bill for 20m3 US$ 3.5/month for water only [3]
Share of household metering 90% [4]
Share of collected wastewater treated 52%
Annual investment in WSS about US$ 10 / capita (2006) in urban areas [5].
Share of self-financing by utilities close to zero
Share of tax-financing about 35% (from city budgets)
Share of internal debt financing 55-60%
Share of foreign financing 5-10%
Institutions
Decentralization to municipalities Full
National water and sanitation company No
Water and sanitation regulator No
Responsibility for policy setting
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