Chronic Depression And Its Effects On Children Urban And Rural Areas Across The United States Of America

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In 2010, the center for disease control defined failure to thrive as inadequate growth or the inability to maintain growth in childhood using a standard growth chart. Diagnosis of failure to thrive is determined when a child`s weight for their age dips below the firth percentile of a normal growth curve. According to Cole and Lanham, in 2011, failure to thrive is seen in five to ten percent of children in the primary care settings. A higher rate of failure to thrive in infants is seen in underprivileged urban and rural areas across the United States. Eighty percent of diagnosed cases of failure to thrive were diagnosed under the age of eighteen months. The epidemiology of failure to thrive is not truly known within the United States of…show more content…
A study performed by _____ showed that in most cases of failure to thrive, the cause was because of the inability to get, or the lack of food that was available. This study performed a survey that showed almost 12 % of households reported they were unable to obtain food due to poverty or other financial issues at least once during a year. In both developed and developing countries poverty is the main risk factor for failure to thrive in children. Educational levels of parents or caregivers and their lack of knowledge about nutritional foods or formula preparation is a huge risk factor for inadequate caloric intake in infants. Other factors that can affect the nutritional intake of children are cultural beliefs. Some factors such as religious customs, cultural views on prestige related to certain foods, and also the caregivers choices of foods in the home. Parents may not have the money to spend on fresh fruits or vegetables and instead buy the less expensive foods which have less nutritional value in them. Additionally, failure to thrive in infants has been seen due to diluting infant formula with excess water, which will provide for the formula to last longer, in hopes of saving money. The increase water decreases the amount of nutrients in the bottles and in turn can lead to slower growth, developmental delays, and in severe cases death. Maternal problems that cause a low milk supply can lead
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