Chronic Infection: A Case Study

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Whether an acute infection turns into chronic depends on the age that the person becomes infected. For example if the person gets infected at a younger age they will increase their changes for the disease to become chronic. As stated in Centers for Disease (2015),
“Approximately 90% of infected infants will develop chronic infection. The risk goes down as a child gets older. Approximately 25%–50% of children infected between the ages of 1 and 5 years will develop chronic hepatitis. The risk drops to 6%–10% when a person is infected over 5 years of age. Worldwide, most people with chronic Hepatitis B were infected at birth or during early childhood,” (para. 7).
The major risk of Chronic Hepatitis B is that the person can develop serious liver damage, liver failure, cancer and death. It was found that “Approximately 2,000–4,000 people die every year from Hepatitis B-related liver disease,” (Centers for Disease, 2015, para. 27). The people that are most at risk are: sexual contact with someone who is infected, many sex partners, someone with sexually transmitted disease, men who have sex with other men, drug users who share needles, living with a person with
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Adults and children 5 and older can show signs and symptoms. In acute infection about 70% will develop symptoms as followed: fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, clay-colored bowel movements, joint pain and jaundice, These symptoms usually appear about 90 days after the infection is contracted but can take up to 6 months after. (Centers for Disease, 2015, para. 20-22). For someone with chronic infection they can have all the acute signs and symptoms on an ongoing phase but most will not have symptoms for 20 to 30 years. This can then lead to serious liver conditions like: cirrhosis or liver cancer because it has gone diagnosis for years. (Centers for Disease,
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