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Clostridium Botulinum Bacterium

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Clostridium botulinum is a Gram-positive, anaerobic, slightly curved, motile, rod-shaped bacterium that is also spore-forming producing the heat-resistant endospores. The endospores it produces are very resistant to environmental stresses including heat and high acid, it can become activated in anaerobic environments, low acidity, high moisture content, and in temperatures ranging from 3°C to 43°C. It is usually found in soil and water of any region in the world. The production of botulinum toxin of this bacteria makes it pathogenic. It is a neurotoxin that causes the disease botulism, a rare but serious paralytic illness that can lead to death (Schneider et al. 2014).
There are different strains of this bacteria including type A, B, E and F causes human botulism, types C and D cause botulism in animals and birds and type G has not been determined as a cause of botulism in humans or animals (Schneider et al. 2014).
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botulinum. This disease results in flaccid paralysis of muscles, including those of the respiratory tract (FDA
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