Sleep disorders are common among many people. A sleep disorder is defined as consistent sleep disturbance that interferes with daytime functions and cause the subject distress. Insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea and narcolepsy are just few common sleep disorders. Adequate sleep is important for a healthy and fulfilling lifestyle. Seven out of ten people experience regular sleep disruptions (Thorpy, 2005 p.154). Insomnia is one of the most common sleep disorders among adults. Insomnia is defined by the quality, duration, and the ability to fall and stay asleep (Bootzin & Epstein, 2011 p155). Women are twice as likely as men to suffer from insomnia due to pregnancy and stressful situations such as divorce or unemployment (Edinger & Means, …show more content…
Research points to many factors in the development of narcolepsy, including chromosomal, brain, neurotransmitter, and immune system abnormalities called hypocretins (De la Herran-Arita & others, 2011 p 156). Hypocretins is a deficiency in the production of a chemical. Physical exams and a look into a person’s medical history can accurately diagnose narcolepsy. Sleep apnea is a the most serious sleep disorder, the most common form of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea also known as (OSA), OSA is defined as a sleep disorder in the which the person repeatedly stops breathing during sleep. During a sleep apnea episode, the diaphragm and chest muscles work harder to open the obstructed airway and pull air into the lungs, which can reduce the flow of oxygen to vital organs and cause irregular heart rhythms. OSA can disrupt the quality of a person sleep, daytime grogginess, poor concentration, memory and learning problems (Weaver & George, 2005. p 155). A night’s sleep can result in, 300 or sleep apnea episodes (Schwab & others, 2005 p 155). According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 12 million people in the U.S. have sleep apnea, an of that over half are overweight. Sleep apnea can often be treated with lifestyle changes such as limited drinking of alcohol and or losing weight (Hoffstein, 2005; Powell & others, 2005 p 155). More severe cases of sleep apnea can be treated with continuous positive
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Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder. It can have a devastating impact on one’s emotion, physical, occupation and social life. While it occasionally can be seen in the clinical setting as a primary diagnosis, it most often presents as a comorbidity to a medical or psychiatric issue;
Insomnia is a common sleep disorder which makes falling asleep very hard, or cause you to stay up or wake up, or make you unable to get back to sleep. In addition, insomnia can deplete your energy and reduce disturb your mood. Moreover, it can spoil your work performance, health, and quality of life. Also, you may still suffer feeling tired and ruin your temper. when you wake up.
Sleep can be simply defined as "a reversible behavioral state of perceptual disengagement from and unresponsiveness to the environment" (Kryger, Roth & Dement). As far as the sleeping disorders are concerned, they involve the difficulties that are associated to sleeping. When an individual has difficulty in falling or staying asleep, falling asleep at wrong times, falling asleep unnecessarily, or shows other abnormal sleep behaviors, he/she is said to have a sleep disorder.
As stated in a previous statistic, sleep disorders unfortunately target a wide variety of ages. Children are commonly affected by Sleep Apnea, teeth grinding, Night Terrors, Nightmares, sleep walking, Restless Leg Syndrome, bedwetting, and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Adults tend to be affected by Insomnia, Hypersomnia, Sleep Apnea, Narcolepsy, Sleep Paralysis, Hypopnea Syndrome, and Noctoria. Sleep disorders are very common and also very dangerous in some circumstances. Ill treating or ignoring sleep disorders can lead to lethargy, poor mood, lack of motivation, and may negatively impact
Sleep is essential to life; it is one of several components, including food and water, which keep the living alive. However, a significant percentage of the human population has considerable difficulty reaching and maintaining Stage IV within their sleeping patterns, the stage that allows the mind and body to fall into a deep and restorative sleep, otherwise known as REM sleep. At the core of this difficulty is a condition known as obstructive sleep apnea, a "serious, potentially life-threatening condition that is far more common than generally understood" (Sleep Apnea). Indeed, obstructive sleep apnea can be very dangerous if it is not properly detected and treated.
The dictionary defines sleep as “The natural periodic suspension of consciousness during which the powers of the body are restored” (Webster’s 638) If one is waking up on an average of 300 times per night, the chances of complete body restoration are minimal. The Greek word apnea literally means “without breath”. An estimated 30 million Americans stop breathing during their sleep sometimes 30-40 times per hour and often for a minute, or longer each time. Of these, about 20 million are in the early stages, and about 10 million have progressed to a level of severity that requires treatment. According to the National
Explanations of narcolepsy are in majority biological. Scientists have discovered that narcoleptics often are lacking in hypocretin which is a chemical in the brain that control sleep and wakefulness. A lack of this chemical may explain the sudden attacks of sleep.
What is Sleep Apnea? Sleep apnea is sleep related breathing disorder. It disrupts a person's normal breathing pattern while sleeping. This serious disorder decreases the levels of oxygen in the blood during long periods of sleep when the breathing repeatedly stops and starts while asleep. This chronic condition happens when the muscles at the back the throat relaxes and narrows the airway causing breathing pauses or shallow breaths, a common condition called Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). This occurrence significantly affects the quality of sleep that explains the feeling of tiredness and sleepiness during the day.
Sleep is an important part of everyone’s health and the core of our wellbeing. With that being said, we have also had our share of experiencing a bad night’s sleep at one time or another. Imagine having a sleep disorder in which your breathing is constantly disrupting the quality of your sleep at night. Sleep Apnea is a common disorder where your breathing stops or pauses while you are asleep. Often times the sleeper is unaware of this involuntary cessation of breathing and it can occur up to hundreds of times a night. There are three different types of sleep apnea: obstructive, central, and mixed. Of the three, the most common is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) which occurs when the airway becomes blocked during sleep, creating short breathing
Insomnia is the most common sleep complaint. It occurs when you have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep even though you had the opportunity to get a full night of sleep. The causes, symptoms and severity of insomnia vary from person to person. Insomnia involves both a sleep disturbance and daytime symptoms. The effects of insomnia can impact nearly every aspect of your life. Studies show that
Many people suffer every year from sleep disorders. There are many different forms of sleep disorders. Sleep apnea is a disorder with symptoms that affect not only the individual with the disorder but also anyone around them. Sleep apnea is easy to diagnose and treatments can be generally easy to administer. Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that effects sleep in several ways.
The exact beginning cause of narcolepsy is not yet discovered by scientists, but most believe that it is caused by genetics and an environmental trigger. Scientists have discovered that people with narcolepsy are lacking in hypocretin (also called orexin), a chemical in the brain that activates arousal and regulates sleep. Narcoleptics generally do not have as many Hcrt cells (neurons that secrete hypocretin), inhibiting his or her ability to fully control alertness, which accounts for his or her tendency to fall asleep (Robinson and Segal, 2013). The scientists are working on ways to increase Narcoleptics Hcrt cells to reduce the symptoms that they suffer from. Many people with narcolepsy are often, if not always, misdiagnosed or not even
Narcolepsy, is a chronic sleep disorder that causes overwhelming daytime drowsiness. People that have narcolepsy experience periods of extreme daytime sleepiness and sudden, irresistible bouts of sleep that can strike at any time. These “sleep attacks” usually last a few seconds up to several minutes. Narcolepsy can really affect daily activities and keep the person from functioning like normal during the day. People that have this disorder, may fall asleep while at work or at school, when having a conversation, playing a game, eating a meal, or, most dangerously, when driving or operating other types of machinery. In addition to, “daytime sleepiness, other major symptoms may include cataplexy (a sudden loss of voluntary muscle tone while awake that makes a person go limp or unable to move), vivid dream-like images or hallucinations, as well as total paralysis just before falling asleep or just after
The first and most researched sleep disorder is sleep apnea. Sleep apnea does not affect children as often as it effects adults, but it is still a rising concern. Sleep apnea occurs in about 2 per cent of children, mainly between the ages of one through eight. But it can also show up in older children and even infants. (Klein). Research says that young blacks are more at risk than young whites. (Fritz p 83). Children with sleep apnea briefly stop breathing many times during the night due to an obstruction in the respiratory tract. Most of the time it is related to enlarged tonsils and adenoids or to obesity. As the child will gasp for there breath during sleep, they awaken for a few moments to regain there normal breathing and then they immediately return back to sleep. Because the child will be awoken by this many times during the night, this cause sleep deprivation. (Common Sleep Problems AA). The physical symptoms of sleep apnea are excessive daytime sleepiness, snoring, restless sleep, heavy and irregular breathing, excessive perspiring during the night, bad dreams, sleeping with there mouth open, sleeps in strange positions, morning headaches, learning problems, excessive irritability, depression, changes in personality, difficulty
Sleep deprivation is a common issue among people around the world, and everyone has or will experience it in their life. Not getting enough sleep makes it difficult for the body to function properly. Insomnia is a well-known disorder, mainly known in the United States; one in ten adults suffers from this disorder (Kloc). There are many reasons why people end up with a sleeping disorder, and the most common reason is stress. When people do not have enough sleep they behave differently, and do not make the same choices as if they were fully rested. There are four stages of sleep. The fourth stage, REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep is the most important stage of sleeping. A common side effect of BPD (Borderline Personality Disorder) is sleep