Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx: An Analysis

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In nineteenth-century Europe, the industrial revolution is underway. The upper class has accumulated wealth through the exploitation of technological advancements, and the lower class is forced to uphold the upper class businesses in order to survive. In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx justifies the need for an economic system that can extinguish this modern class system that restrains its citizens into strict roles. In his writing, Marx outlines how “the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles”1. In other words, Marx believes that class conflict has existed for as long as society’s history has been recordedc, and this conflict still continues to affect history. Marx continues by explaining how, throughout history, different classes have been granted …show more content…

These name changes reflect how the types of labour have changed throughout history. However, even though the labour has changed, Marx believes that the idea of conflict between classes has remained stable. As he states, throughout history “oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another”1. Classes exist against each other. Upper classes retain their power by defining and oppressing lower classes. Lower classes can realize the unfair treatment and rise against the upper classes. The classes carry “on an uninterrupted now hidden, now open fight”1. Depending on the circumstances of the conflict, class-conflict can vary in noticeability; however, it always exists because society is centered around production. Society expects people in the lower class to be laborers so that people in the upper class can retain their lifestyles. Typically, in a newly-introduced class system, the “fight” is “hidden” because people in the lower classes can not justify waging war against the upper class. Instead, the “fight” is expressed as people

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