Compare And Contrast Renaissance And Michelangelo

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STUDENT: NICCI SWAN
3.1: HIGH RENAISSANCE VS. MANNERIST COMPARISON
INSTRUCTOR: STEPHEN WILLIAMS
DATE DUE: 9/24/17
Page 1
The Late Renaissance period was influenced by Ancient Greek and Roman classical cultures and philosophies of art style. This period was based on humanism and Neoplatonism style. Leonardo, Michelangelo, and Raphael were considered the Master Artists of the High Renaissance period and there individual art styles included: monumentality, balance, Sfumato, 3-D pyramid, using a primary color palette in one point perspective. ‘The Creation of Adam’ by Michelangelo between1508-1512 is located on the ceiling of The Sistine Chapel in Vatican City, Rome.
Michelangelo was a Neoplatonic thinker who believed that the image, figure or
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The Florentine Mannerists were influenced by Late Renaissance Master artists of Raphael, Leonardo, and Michelangelo who brought harmonious styles forward into the Mannerism period.
The “Sack of Rome" was the defining historical event of the Mannerist period. The Mannerists did not learn and create from nature, live models, or mathematical theory. The Master artists of the Mannerism period chose to develop their own style and skills further by creating a stylistic art period between 1520 and 1600.
Pontormo was a reclusive artist, and many of his works have an otherworldly quality heightens their spiritual intensity. This quality is seen in his Deposition (1525-1528, Church of Santa Felicitá, Florence), an altarpiece painted with luminous tints of pink, orange, blue-violet, and green. The lack of dark shadows in this painting, as well as the sense that the figures are weightlessly suspended in space, adds to the work’s strange beauty. The painting shows the body of Christ being taken from his mother Mary’s arms after the crucifixion; a figure standing to the right of the blue-robed Mary is Pontormo
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STUDENT: NICCI SWAN
3.1: HIGH RENAISSANCE VS. MANNERIST COMPARISON
INSTRUCTOR: STEPHEN WILLIAMS
DATE DUE: 9/24/17
Page 4
Pontormo focused on adding distorted figures that defined natural body curves and movements. The composition of ‘Descent from the Cross’ is too crowded, the forms are compressed into the foreground, and has a central void. His color choices were known as a ‘sour palette’, during the Mannerism art period. He experimented freely with traditional subjects from the Bible and mythical religious themes by incorporating dark visual references. The painting hangs in a dark corner of Florence's Capponi Chapel half-human, half-reptile subjects, adding drama to the composition.
STUDENT: NICCI SWAN
3.1: HIGH RENAISSANCE VS. MANNERIST COMPARISON
INSTRUCTOR: STEPHEN WILLIAMS
DATE DUE: 9/24/17
Page 5
Pontormo was amused at painting human figures using ‘contorted or twisted’ poses. Creating an ’illusion of art forms’ projecting into space, and stretched beyond what was considered natural and realistic. The goals of the earlier Mannerist art movement was to create similar proportions of the human body from the High Renaissance period, but enhance human form into conforming
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