The Person-Centred Approach is based on the theory and philosophy of Dr Carl Rogers. It focuses on the belief that we are all born with an innate ability for psychological growth if external circumstances allow us to do so. (British Association for the Person Centred Approach. (2017). What Is The Person Centred Approach. Available: https://www.bapca.org.uk/. Last accessed 5th September 2017.) The Person Centred Approach describes the client as an expert on themselves, and helps the client gain self- acceptance. The approach believes that humans can self-heal, if the core conditions are in place. The relationship between the client and the counsellor is the most important aspect of the therapy succeeding. (Rory Lees- Oakes. (2017). Counselling Theories Compare and Contrasted. Available: http://counsellingtutor.com/counselling-approaches/counselling-theories-compare-and-contrast/. Last accessed 4th September 2017.) As well as being non-directive this type of counselling relationship is based on the core conditions of empathy, congruence, and unconditional positive regard. By clients being prized and valued, they can learn to accepted who they are and reconnect with their true selves. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (Ellis & Beck) focuses on how an individuals thoughts and perceptions effect the way they feel and behave. Your thoughts, feelings, physical sensations and actions are interconnected, and that negative thoughts and feelings can trap you in a vicious cycle. This
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Over the time in this course I have been drawn to the Person – Centered Theory, I feel like that is what my personality is like, and I would love to continue to grow strong and practice theory that comes natural to me. This is the theory I scored highest on my Selective Theory Sorter- Revised Questionnaire. Person-Centered therapy will have great significance to my development as a professional counselor for the reason that I already think of myself as a very authentic, sympathetic and accepting person. I am an excellent listener, and I have learned to process my thoughts before I speak. I think that a consoling therapist/client relationship is indispensable to the counseling process. Another reason I like this psychotherapy/theory is because
As Corey (2013) discusses, the person-centered approach, may develop a therapist who’s role will be to direct the treatment process rather than challenging clients. Further, therapists could be found in a difficult position, in order to give permission to their clients to find their own way through therapy “ particularly when they are choices that the therapist hoped for p.202 as cited Corey (2013). Finally a primary issue will be a nondirective, passive therapist who will not be able to provide effective treatment as this approach is based on authenticity and congruence. However the argument put forward from Seligman (2006) states that there are a lot of reasons to consider Roger’s person centered approach as a simplistic and unrealistically optimistic approach in therapy. Accordingly to Seligman (2006) by providing empathic listening and genuine caring for the client, cannot be considered as factors for an adequate treatment with long-term results. Further, the approach cannot be useful for clients that have significant psychopathological problems; also by providing unconditional positive regard, therapists develop a utopian world for clients which is far from the real world, above all Seligman ( 2006) in his discussion claims that because of the lack of techniques this approach is not
One of key concepts of person centred therapy is the belief that the client has the ability to become aware of their own problems and has the inherent means to resolve them. In this sense,
In the very early years of the person-centred approach, the direction and goals of the therapy were very much determined by the client, with the therapist’s role being to assist the client in clarifying their feelings. This approach of non-directive therapy was associated with a greater self-exploration, increased understanding, and improved self-concept. Further development of person centred therapy has seen a shift in concentration toward the core conditions assumed to be both necessary and sufficient for successful therapy (Cox, Bachkirova & Clutterbuck, 2010)
A Person centred approach is about ensuring someone with a disability is at the centre of decisions which relate to their life. A person centred process involves listening, thinking together, coaching, sharing ideas, and seeking feedback. By working in a person centred way we ensure that the individuals we are working with are listened to and that we focus on what matters to the individual and that their families pay attention to how staff support. This can be done with one page profiles, person centred reviews and full PCP’s.
Person-Centred Therapy is known as one of the 'Humanistic' approaches to therapy. Developed by Carl Rogers (1902-1987), it is rooted in the understanding that an individual knows what they need to be a happy, fully functioning human being capable of growth and change (Mearns & Thorne, 2013).
Before describing and evaluating the key elements of Person Centred Counselling (PCC) this essay will share a short description into the background of PCC in order to show its growth and how PCC is intertwined within other forms of counselling therapies. According to Sanders (2013) Dr. Carl Rogers, (1902-1987) was an American psychologist and the founder of what is now known as person-centred counselling or psychotherapy. Rogers was and still is held in high regard throughout many different fields of research, with numerous advantageous publications, such as ‘Client centred Therapy’ (1951) and ‘Freedom to learn’ (1969).
Cognitive behavioral therapy is a “therapeutic approach based on the principle that maladaptive moods and behavior can be changed by replacing distorted or inappropriate ways of thinking with thought
In this essay I will look at the claim that Person-Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she will need to treat clients. Firstly, I will outline what Person-Centred therapy is and look at what its originator, Carl Rogers’, theories behind this approach are. I will then discuss some of the criticisms that have been made about Person-Centred Therapy, and weigh them up to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of this therapeutic approach. In the conclusion I will reflect on my learning, and on my own experiences and opinions.
Another comparison can be made between the two approaches when looking at the role of the therapist and collaboration with the client. The person centred approach specifically sees the client as the expert of their own experiences, emotions and history.
My aim is to explore Carl Roger's theory that Person Centred Therapy was a complete system for therapists to offer help in a counselling way to clients presenting with a full variety of issues. I will do this by establishing my understanding of the basic theory, discussing the strengths and weaknesses of Rogers theory and consider other opinions / arguments, and conclude with my thoughts on
To me, as a trainee psychotherapist, the best way to thoroughly understand the person-centred approach is to connect the theory behind it to personal experiences. When I’m thinking about why I decided to study to become a Person-Centred therapist, and not a CBT or Psychoanalytic therapist, the first thing that comes to mind is my belief in self-healing. I strongly support Rogers’ idea that all individuals should be in charge of their own lives (Cooper et al., 2007). It is commonly assumed by government officials and the general public that treating clients by teaching them how to deal with their current issues has better outcomes than using client-centred therapies (Stiles et al., 2007). However, is directing the client in the “right direction” really what therapy is all about? How would a counsellor then know weather the path that they sent the client on is indeed the right one for them to achieve psychological wellness in a long term? In my experience of receiving counselling in the past I tended to be quite reserved towards the methods used by psychotherapists using a person-centred approach. I used to believe that I am not responsible for my own happiness and someone else had to tell me how to be happy. One of the main conflicts that I had and still have sometimes with person-centred therapy is that I loose faith that I am able to find my own way of healing myself. I remember years ago when I suffered with depression, no matter how hard I worked to return my internal
This Critique of Person Centred Counselling offers an insight into The Person Centred Approach developed by Carl Rogers. I will firstly introduce Rogers and his influences. An exploration of Person Centred Counselling