Compare The Philosophies Of Essentialism And Progressivism

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According to Bobbit, “In a curriculum a learner undergoes different systematic and unorganized experiences”.
Explanation:
According to Bobbit there are two types of activities in a school which are organized and unorganized and students learn from both types of activities. Organized activities are the activities that are organized by the teacher or the instructor with intended outcome. These type of activities usually arranged in classroom environment. While unorganized activities are the activities in which have not intended outcomes.
Tyler 1957: According to Tyler “curriculum is a set of planned activities in the supervision of teachers which have certain goals”.
Explanation:
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Conclusion/understanding from above definitions: So it is concluded from the above definitions that curriculum is a flexible plan which has a complete guideline about the content, activities, and learning outcomes and how to achieve those learning outcomes. It also provides opportunities to learners to maximize, construct, and develop their knowledge. In the whole process of learning the teacher acts as a facilitator and guides his students to achieve objectives.
Question no 2:
Compare the philosophies of Essentialism and Progressivism keeping in mind their focus, characteristics and curriculum.

Sr. No. Essentialism Progressivism
1. • In essentialism the importance is laid is on instilling basics and fundamentals in learners.
• The main focus in on teaching. • In progressivism the main focus is laid on learner rather than on teaching.
• Emphasize is laid on learning by doing.
2. • learning is based on fixed content
• It includes the teaching of traditional subjects, morals and

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