The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast two theorists on how children learn and develop and how their theories work in the early years setting. Piaget and Skinner are both very well known for their theories, they contrast each other as one shows the behaviourist view while the other shows the cognitive view. Piaget is a nativist, he believes that children learn best through active learning, doing for themselves. Whereas Skinner is an empiricist he believes that children’s knowledge is learnt from their sense experience and environment. Jean Piaget was born on 9th August 1896 in Switzerland. He studied natural sciences at the University of Neuchatel where he received a Ph.D. He then went onto the University of Zurich where he became interested in psychoanalysis. It was from there he went onto the Sorbonne University in Paris in 1919 to study clinical psychology. It was while Piaget was in Paris that he began working with Alfred Binet marking intelligence tests. It was whilst working on the intelligence tests that he became aware of the process of cognitive development and how it differed considerably from young children to older children to adults. It was from this that he then began his study on the process of thinking in the development of children. (The famous people, 2016) He constructed his theory from observing his children, it was from these observations that he established his four stages of development and schemas; schemas are a set of ideas that
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There are many theorists whose work influences the way we work with children today. There are several distinct groups that the theorists are split into; the behaviourists, such as Bandura, Skinner and Watson, who believed that behaviour influences development, the humanists, like Maslow, who believed that a person’s needs has an impact on their development, the constructivists, which includes Piaget, that believed that a person’s personality is influenced by many factors, such as family, friends, cultures, and the psychoanalysts, like Freud, who thought that the subconscious mind has a control over behaviour.
Jean Piaget was a swiss psychologist born August 9, 1896. Piaget is known mostly for his work in developmental psychology during the 20th century. While working in Paris, Piaget became increasingly interested in how children thought. Piaget noticed that young children answered questions differently than older children, not due to a lack of knowledge, but because younger children had a different way of thinking and did not have as many experiences as an older child.
Jean Piaget was a great mind and contributed copious amount of knowledge and expertise to psychology as a whole, changing the world using children as a primary focus. He founded a study referred to as genetic epistemology, which consisted of his theory of cognitive development and epistemologist view. He believed that children were the future and focused extensively on understand their cognitive development, which he was able to able to the education system. He once said, “Only education is capable of saving our societies from possible collapse, whether violent, or gradual.” (Piaget, Munari, 2000) and he stood by that claim until the end. Piaget is known all over the world and he work is still used in many fields including psychology, sociology, education, epistemology, economics and law.
Jean Piaget was born on the 9th of August in 1896. He lived in Neuchâtel, Switzerland, with his mother and father. Jean had a fairly interesting life and he was incredibly smart showing from a very young age. This most likely had to do with his living conditions. He is most likely known for his study on children and their thought process, as well as coming up with the cognitive theory.
On August 9, 1896 in Neuchatel, Switzerland, Jean was brought into this world. He was the eldest son of Rebecca Jackson and Arthur Piaget, a medieval literature professor. As a child, Piaget was very interested in mollusks and he became well-known for his many papers on malacology. He was also interested in the fields of biology and zoology. After high school, he studied at the University of Neuchatel where he majored in natural sciences and received a Doctorate in 1918. He also enrolled at the University of Zurich for a short period, when he started to turn to psychoanalysis. During this time, Piaget worked at the Grange-Aux-Belles Street School for Boys run by Albert Binet. Piaget helped Binet with grading the intelligence tests. While doing
Jean Piaget was born in Neuchatel, Switzerland in 1896. He received his Ph.D. in biology. Piaget became interested in the development of intellectual abilities in children while working at the Alfred Binet Testing Laboratory in Paris. In 1926, he began publishing work on childhood psychology. Piaget based his theory on James M. Baldwin, an associate of his in the Testing Laboratory in Paris.
Jean Piaget was born in Neuchatel, Switzerland, where he studied at the university and received a doctorate in biology at the age of 22. Following college he became very interested in psychology and began to research and studies of the subject. With his research Piaget created a broad theoretical system for the development of cognitive abilities. His work, in this way, was much like that of Sigmund Freud, but Piaget emphasized the ways that children think and acquire knowledge.
Piaget worked in a psychiatric lab in Zurich for a year where he studied the thoughts of Jung and Freud. Piaget also started teaching psychology in 1919 in Paris. This is where he started doing studies of intelligence testing with Simon-Benet Fame. Piaget felt that the “right-wrong” ways of intelligence testing was an unreliable source; instead he started interviewing school boys. He used psychiatric techniques to learn about adolescence reasoning (Boeree n.d.). Piaget researched in many places, such as, the Jean-Jacques Rousseau Institute of Geneva in 1921 where he studied the mental capabilities of an infant in the first two years of life. This is where he would write and publish his first works on children phycology. During this time he met his soon to be wife, Valentine Chatenay. After his success of his first five books, in 1925 Piaget started teaching psychology at Neuchatel University (Presnell 1999). During this time he would become a father of two daughters and a son. He would use them as observational studies as they grew up (Boeree n.d.). Piaget continued to study and teach at numerous places, such as, Lausanne and Paris (Jean Piaget Biography n.d.). He ended up writing over sixty books and articles during his long career. Piaget past away in Geneva, Switzerland on the 16th of September 1980, over fifty years of excellent research that will shape the world of psychology and sociology for years to come (Boeree n.d.).
Jean Piaget was born around 1896 in Neuchatel, Switzerland as explained by Wadsworth (1991). When he turned fifteen the decision had already been made to point his goals of work towards scientific explanation of knowledge. A major portion of Piaget’s studying was in Philosophy. After doing very in-depth work in the study of biology he came to a conclusion that development was not only due to growth but also different circumstances in the environment. Convinced that the development of children could be viewed by experimentation he continued to test children for two years. Piaget decided that both Intellectual and biological events are a piece of the big whole process by which the living thing adapts to its surroundings or environment and sorts through its experiences from the events.
Piaget had problems publishing some of his works because of the fact that he was so young. Throughout his life, he had many offers and advanced quickly in everything that he did. In 1921, Piaget was invited by Claparede to become the director of research at the Jean-Jacques Rousseau Institute in Geneva (Presnell). Here, he would work in the field of child psychology and guide students. He planned to study the emergence of intelligence for the first two years and then return to the origins of mental health. The results of his work were published in the first five books on child psychology. It was during this time that he met Valentine
Jean Piaget was born in Neuchatel, Switzerland. Here he studied at the university and received a doctorate in biology at the age of 22. Following his schooling he became increasingly interested in psychology and began his research and studying of the subject. From this research Piaget created a broad system for the development of cognitive abilities.
Jean Piaget was born in 1896 in Switzerland and was a brilliant boy who published his first writing on a partly albino sparrow at the age of 10 (Miller). He completed his doctoral degree at the age of 21 with a thesis on mollusks and 20 papers published under his name (Miller). After gradating, he went on to work with Theodore Simon using Alfred Binet’s intelligence tests on Parisian children in Paris (Miller). Through this work, he became fascinated with children thought processes especially what leads to incorrect and correct answers (Miller). This is the beginning of his theory on child psychology.
Jean Piaget was a psychologist and was best known for his work on the development of intelligence in children. His studies have had a major impact on he fields of child psychology and education. One of the most important theories in
Jean William Fritz Piaget, also known as Jean Piaget was born on August 9, 1896, in Neuchatel, Switzerland; born to Rebecca Jackson and Arthur Piaget; both of which had a major impact on Piaget’s life. Piaget’s father was a medieval-literary scholar with an interest in local history. Piaget idolized his father’s dedication to work and adopted his skeptical, scientific attitude at an early age. However, Piaget often described his mother as neurotic or poor in mental health combined with her religious enthusiasm which lead Piaget to become enticed with psychology.
Jean Piaget was born in Neuchatel in Switzerland in 1896. In 1923 he became a Professor of psychology, Sociology, and philosophical sciences at Neuchatel University. Piaget was given the role of director of the Jean-Jacques Rousseau Institute in Geneva in 1921. He married a psychologist and in 1923 they had two daughters and a son. He then went onto become Professor of child psychology in 1929, he also founded and became director of the Institute for Educational science in 1956. When he only 10 years old he published a short paper about a sighting of an albino sparrow. He was then offered a post a Neuchatel’s natural history museum although he did not take this offer and carried on with his studies. Piaget moved to Paris some years later and began working on standardised tests at the Albert Binet Laboratory School. By doing these tests he found that some of the answers given by children of the similar ages did not match up. Due to these findings, he then started to explore the subject of children’s reasoning. Most of his work was done on his 3 children and this has caused some controversy as it has been criticised for not being an appropriate sample for the purposes of scientific research. (Shirley Allen, Peter Gordon, 2011).