Piaget, Bandura, Bowbly and Vygotsky

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Piaget, Bandura, Bowbly and Vygotsky

Development is about the customary way that a child acts (Bruce & Meggit, 2006). Child development is multidisciplinary. Several researches have put forward theories on the way children developed. These can be divided into the psychoanalytical theories, the learning theories, and the cognitive development theories. In this assignment, I will explain a number of these theories by showing what the theorists had developed.

Jean Piaget: (Cognitive-development theory)

Jean Piaget was a psychologist and was best known for his work on the development of intelligence in children. His studies have had a major impact on he fields of child psychology and education. One of the most important theories in
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Egocentrism is lost. As physical experience accumulates, accommodation is increased. The child begins to think abstractly and conceptualize, creating logical structures that explain his or her physical experiences.

4th Stage: Formal operational period (11years and up)

Cognition reaches its final form. By this stage, the person no longer requires concrete objects to make rational judgements. He or she is capable of deductive and hypothetical reasoning. His or her ability for abstract thinking is very similar to an adult.

Albert Bandura

Albert Bandura is most known for his work on the Social Learning Theory were he affirmed that learning does not occur only be reinforcement but also by observation and modelling. Bandura’ s Theory states that social behaviour is learned. He argues that learning does not always require direct reinforcement. His theory emphasises that young children learn by imitating and watching other people. Children will imitate both positive and negative behaviour. The people children imitate are considered by them as being people of status; people that hold power (Bruce & Meggit, 2006).

The Social Learning Theory of Bandura emphasises the importance of observing and modelling the behaviours, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. Bandura (1977) stated that “Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not tom mention hazardous, if people had

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