Conduct Disorder And Its Effects On Children And Adolescents

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Conduct disorder (CD) is a disorder that primarily effects children and adolescents, with higher prevalence rates in males than females. (DSM-V). It is an issue that possibly affects more than 10% of the population of children worldwide (DSM-V, 2013). CD is defined as repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated, as manifested by the presence of at least three variants and/or displays of these behaviors: aggression to people and animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, and/or serious violations of rules. The cause of this disorder has many different factors that could be said to contribute to its development those being…show more content…
Ferrari, Guilherme V. Polanczyk, Terrie E. Moffitt, Christopher J. L. Murray,Theo Vos, Harvey A. Whiteford, and James G. Scott it was found that CD was the 30th leading cause of, globally, years living with disability for persons across all ages, surpassing other causes including autism and HIV/AIDS. Also CD is ranked 4th, 6th and 7th for ages 5–9 years, 10–14 years and 15–19 years for years living with disability as noted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (as cited by Erskine et. al.). These numbers are of importance because 34% of the world’s population is under the age of 20 (census.gov, 2013). So with the prevalence of CD being as high as it is and the population of who it effects being as large as it is it creates a concerning issue. However, as problematic as CD may seem to be there are a number of practices, techniques, and methods that clinicians/therapist use to address children who exhibit such behaviors (Miller, 2014) . As cited by Miller (2014) there are a of multitude of treatment models that are used to treat CD ranging from residential treatment facilities, cognitive behavioral therapy, mode deactivation theory, parent management training, rap music either the composition of or the analysis of lyrics, pharmaceuticals, and many other different models of treatment (Murphy, C., and Siv, A., 2012 Weis, R., Wilson, N., and Whitemarsh, S., 2005 Eyberg, S., Nelson, M., and Boggs, S.,2008 Evans, D., 2010 Hagen, K., Ogden, T., and Bjornebekk,
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