Cosmetics : A Common Household Product

1913 WordsNov 17, 20168 Pages
Cosmetics have become a common household product, with the average woman using 12 personal care products daily1. Many cosmetics contain phthalates, which are chemicals added to plastics to increase their flexibility2. Phthalate use in cosmetics is criticized by environmentalists because phthalates are potential endocrine disruptors, or chemicals that interfere with the function of the endocrine system3,2. Women are disproportionately affected by phthalate exposure due to their use of cosmetics and are a major stakeholder in this issue. Currently, there is inconclusive evidence of an association between exposure to phthalates in cosmetics and adverse health effects due to a lack of research on the effect of chronic low-level exposure to phthalates especially for adult women4,5. However, the use of cosmetics has been shown to increase exposure to phthalates, which is measured by examining the level of phthalate metabolites found in urine5. The FDA and cosmetics industry also have a stake in this issue because they are both responsible for any risk management needed if phthalates in cosmetics are found to adversely affect cosmetic users. The use of phthalates in cosmetics should be more heavily regulated until more studies can be done on the effect of chronic low-level exposure to phthalates. Three types of phthalates commonly used in cosmetics are diethyl phthalate (DEP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), and di-isobutyl phthalate (DIBP)6. DEP has been found to be the most prevalent
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