Crisis Models In Counseling Paper

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Crisis Models In Counseling Individuals experience a crisis when a situation or event occurs and their former coping skills and resources become depleted (James & Gilliland, 2017). Crisis models were created to assist counselors build a foundation of interventions strategies and methodologies for individuals who are experiencing a crisis (James & Gilliland, 2017). The three crisis intervention models discussed in this paper are the contextual ecological model, psychological first aid model, and equilibrium model. This paper will explain the importance and value of each crisis model and how they are used in counseling an individual who is experiencing a crisis.
The Contextual Ecological Model The contextual ecological model is based
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There are several reasons the PFA model adds value to counseling some, which include safety for the client, reducing clients stress symptoms, rest and recuperation, and providing resources for social support and shelter (James & Gilliland, 2017). For example, when hurricane Katrina hit, individuals were left with no home or belongings. The PFA model would have all mental health workers come in and provide individuals with shelter, food, and clothing. Once the essential needs have been met for individuals, the PFA model promotes safety, calming, sense of self and community, and instilling hope and connectedness (Ruzek et al., 2007). In the PFA model there are eight core actions that take place for any crisis, which include contact and engagement, safety and comfort, stabilization, information gatherings, practical assistance, connection with social supporters, information on coping, and linking with collaborative services (James & Gilliland, 2017). The PFA model focuses on individuals current crisis needs in order to provide immediate relief (James & Gilliland,
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