Critically Compare How the Nature-Nurture Debate Has Been Addressed by Three Different Researchers or Schools or Thought in Psychology and/or Philosophy. at Least One of the Researchers/Schools Must Have Been Active Before the 20th Century.

2285 WordsMar 15, 201310 Pages
Critically compare how the nature-nurture debate has been addressed by three different researchers or schools or thought in Psychology and/or Philosophy. At least one of the researchers/schools must have been active before the 20th century. Theories whose fundamental understanding of human behaviour focuses on characteristics in which, we are born with like our genetic make-up, stable personality traits, and physical predispositions are Naturists. In contrast theorists who are on the nurture side of this debate argue that human behaviour is a result of life experiences that mould and change through one’s life such as how one is reared by their parents, what one is educated in school and one’s culture. The nature vs. nurture debate can…show more content…
However postmodern understanding of the tabula rasa is derived from Locke’s epistemological thesis that the human mind is at birth a “blank state” which suggests that a humans entire resource of knowledge is built up gradually from their experiences and sensory perceptions of the outside world and that a human comes into this world without having any prerequisites for the processing of information. Locke’s, said "I think I may say that of all the men we meet with, nine parts of ten are what they are, good or evil, useful or not, by their education." According to Locke the tabula rasa emphasizes the individual's freedom to author his or her own soul. Each individual is free to define the content of his or her character. This suggests this if a person is brought up to be a good person, then that is how they shall be in life, which has been proven to not true by recent research into the psyche of a deviant. 18th century philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau used Locke’s ‘tabula rasa’ principle in order to support his argument that warfare is a result of society and agriculture, rather than something that occurs from the human state of nature. Since tabula rasa states that one is born with a "blank-slate" Rousseau uses this to propose that warfare is not something intuitive despite their

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