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Culture Awareness Of Afghanist Pakistan

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Culture Awareness of Afghanistan
SSG Leduc, Joseph T.
13B40 Senior Leaders Course

Cultural Awareness of Afghanistan

Afghanistan is a highly mountainous country in Asia. It is located strategically at the crossroads of major corridors of trade. The major geographical features of the country include Hindu Kush Mountains, Central Highlands, Northern Plains, and a plateau in the Southwestern part of the country (Farley, 2014, p. 6). The central highlands are an integral component of the Himalayas. Afghanistan has a complex terrain, which runs from the northeast part of the country to the southwest. The plateaus and deserts run from the west towards the southwest, joining Iran. Afghanistan is landlocked and
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Taliban comprised mainly of the Pashtun group.
The emergence of powerful groups in the North of Afghanistan such as the Tajiks and Uzbeks made it difficult for the Taliban to have total control of the government (Sinno, 2015, p. 23). The strategic Hindu Kush Mountains offered the rival groups a buffer zone upon which they opposed the leadership of the Taliban. Specifically, these groups rejected total compliance with Sharia Law as advocated by the Taliban. To combat the Northern rebellion, the Taliban allowed al-Qaeda, led by Osama bin Laden, to thrive in Afghanistan (Farley, 2014, p. 11). By that time, al Qaeda focused on global jihad. The international community ignored Afghanistan until September 11, 2001, when Al Qaeda-sponsored terror occurred in New York City.
The terror attack placed much focus on Afghanistan, leading to the formation of the United States-led coalition of the willing. This coalition operated on the basis of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and focused on replacing the Taliban and al Qaeda (Urban, 2016, p. 9). The international forces in Afghanistan supported the Northern Alliance and set up an army in Afghanistan. Although started at the beginning of the new millennium, OEF in Afghanistan took longer than a decade. President Bush made the mission of the war clear. It informed the mission to the military to decimate terrorist camps and the infrastructure that
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