Design: A Quasi Experimental Design (Study/Control) Was

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Design: A quasi experimental design (study/control) was utilized to examine the effect of using risk reduction intervention to reduce risk of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fracture.
Setting: The study was conducted at the outpatient clinics in Menoufia University Hospital, at Shebin El-Kom City, Menuofia Governorate. The University Hospitals was selected because of the considerable number of people at high-risk for osteoporosis attending to these outpatient clinics (1500) patients every month. Also, University Hospital is suitable place for giving health education to the participants.
Sample: A convenience sample of Ninety subjects, who attended to the outpatient clinics, at Shebin El-Kom Menoufia University Hospital, Menuofia Governorate …show more content…

Reasons for refusal included “not wanting to complete the interview because they didn’t have time. The final sample consisted of Eighty participants divided into forty subjects in the study group and forty subjects in the control group. The study group received the risk reduction intervention and the control group received routine hospital care. Calculation of Sample Size: In order to calculate the required sample size, the researcher used Epi statistical program from the Open Source Statistics for Public Health. The assumptions were: a two sided confidence level of 95% = (1- α); a power (1- β) or (% chance of detecting) of 80%; ratio of sample size, unexposed (control)/ exposed (study group) = 1% of unexposed with outcome (awareness) = 5%; Then the researcher entered one of four parameters which was % of exposed, s = 25%, and the others three parameters would be calculated by the Epi website program and results were presented using methods of Kelsey, Fleiss, and Fleiss (2010) with a continuity correction.
I) Semi-Structured demographic Questionnaire to collect data about age, marital status, educational level, monthly income, residency, occupation, and past obstetric history for women (e.g. age of menopause, number of children, and number of abortion); medication used and family history. Data were collected by the investigator at the initial data collection point. These variables were collected through face to face interview.

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