Diabetes : A Major Concern For Health Care System

1348 WordsSep 9, 20166 Pages
Presently, diabetes is a major concern for health care system across the world. Diabetes is a disease that is characterized by either low levels of insulin or an abnormal resistance to the effects of insulin coupled with inadequate levels of insulin secretion to balance. The three major divisions of diabetes are type one, type two, and gestational. The first subclass of diabetes, type I or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), is usually characterized clinically by abrupt onset of symptoms, insulinopenia and dependence on injected insulin to sustain life, and proneness to ketosis (raised levels of ketones in the body). On the other hand, type 2 diabetes is the noninsulin dependent form of the disease that often presents without the metabolic abnormalities typically associated with diabetes. However, they may require insulin for correction of symptomatic, or persistent, fasting hyperglycemia if this cannot be achieved with the use of diet or oral agents. Such patients may develop ketosis under special circumstances, such as severe stress precipitated by infections or trauma (National Diabetes Data Group, 1979). Gestational diabetes is comparable to type two diabetes because of its insulin resistant nature, and involves the hormones of pregnancy forming an environment that breeds insulin opposition in women genetically predisposed to diabetes. Diabetes exists in all ages of people, in all races of people, and in every region around the world. Alone, diabetes is already
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