Diabetes Is A Rising Epidemic

756 Words Nov 20th, 2016 4 Pages
Diabetes is a rising epidemic that is largely due to the increasing rates of obesity, especially in young adults (Oram et al., 2016). Thus, it is becoming more difficult to discern between type 1 and type 2 diabetes in this population, which can lead to inappropriate treatment administration. Classification of diabetes subtypes is the first step in determining an individual’s course of treatment, thus accuracy is imperative. Many predictive and diagnostic tests exist for diabetes, including fasting blood glucose, oral glucose tolerance, hemoglobin A1C, islet autoantibodies, and insulin C-peptide testing (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases [NIDDK], 2015). However, recent research (Oram et al., 2016) has proposed that genetic risk scoring may be effective in accurately classifying diabetes. Furthermore, proper identification would assist providers in predicting which young adults are likely to advance quickly to a state of insulin insufficiency. In this paper, we will review and discuss the research and clinical findings associated with genetic risk scoring and the improved discernment between type 1 and type 2 diabetes in young adults, as well as evaluate its implications for nursing practice.
Research Discussion
This quantitative study was intended to identify whether diabetic young adults, who were otherwise clinically ambiguous, could be accurately classified as to type of diabetes (Oram et al., 2016). The results of this data were highly…
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