Diabetes : What Is Diabetes?

1156 Words Mar 18th, 2016 5 Pages
Diabetes
What is diabetes?
Well this all starts with knowing what glucose is. Most of the sugar in your body is called glucose. Glucose’s main job is to supply the body with energy. The body breaks down glucose. Releasing energy, water and carbon dioxide. It used by almost all tissues in the body, and is the only fuel the brain can use. If your glucose is too high or low this is caused by diabetes.
Glucose in your body comes from three major nutrients: fat, protein, and carbohydrate. About, 10 percent of the fat and 50 percent of the protein you eat eventually brakes down into it and 100 percent of the carbohydrates you eat. When a person who does not have diabetes eats any food, their blood glucose level rises; the beta cells detect this rise and release more insulin. The insulin goes into the liver telling it to make less glucose and to the muscles, fat cells to take up more.
Detecting Diabetes
In a person without diabetes, the body keeps the plasma glucose level between meals in the range of 70-99 milligrams per deciliter. It will rise depending on how big your meal is, however, quickly returns to normal. In a person with diabetes, the blood glucose level rises abnormally high after eating, takes much longer to come down, and doesn’t return to normal range. Even during periods of fasting. Therefore. To determine if you have diabetes, a doctor must test your blood glucose levels
There are three different test available to determine if you have diabetes Fasting Plasma…

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