With the start of the Second Boer War on the 11th October 1899 till its end, on the 31st May 1902, between the British soldiers and the Afrikaner rebels, one of the least publicised points of the war is what happened to the Boer Prisoners of War held in the British concentration camps. This British plan was used to house captured Boer citizens in order to reduce the supplies sent to the Boer rebels. The fact is that these camps are responsible for the deaths of 10% of the Boer population. So could what happened in concentration camps be considered Genocide, or just an action made by the British in order to win the Second Boer War
The First of the British concentration camps were set up after the Battle of Elandslaagte, on the 21st October 1899 and were made for the captured prisoners. The camp at Bellevue was opened on the 28th of February, although, before its establishment, many prisoners were kept on docked ships. By the end of 1900, with the first invasion of the Cape Colony, more and more soldiers kept coming in, and camps were starting to appear in Natal to sustain the excess amount of soldiers. The solution was to send the rebel soldiers overseas to the other British colonies, resulting in approximately 25 000 Boer soldiers being sent to other countries and thus, the concept of the concentration camp was created by the British at the turn of the century.
It was only in July 1901, with the new leadership of Commander-in-Chief Kitchener, that the British started
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The first concentration camp was created in 1933, just a few weeks after Hitler became chancellor. A total of twenty-two were created, and all together included 1,200 affiliated camps. The camps were found all over Germany. At first political opponents of Nazi policy were taken, and later Jews, gypsies, or criminals. Each camp consisted of barracks which were surrounded by barbed wire, watchtowers, and guards. Imprisonment in the camp included inhuman force labor, hunger, disease, mistreatment, and random executions. Prisoners were forced to work twelve hours day, or even more. The sick, old or those who could not keep up were killed by either gas, or injections. Those who could endure
Justification of the Canadian Participation in the Boer War The storm of war never comes alone, as it bring along extreme tragedy. “In 1899, the whole country was electrified when heard about the Imperial request from Britain. ” The Britain requested Canadians for help to defeat Boers in South Africa.
To begin, concentration camps did not originate in World War II. In fact, this idea for a camp was invented by soldiers and generals in other wars that occurred not too many years before The Holocaust. The first concentration was brought up by general Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau in the Cuban insurrection against Spain in 1896. Concentration camps were also used in the Philippine-American war in the first decade of the 1900’s. The concentration camps in these wars just mentioned were used mainly for labor and penal. However, armies weren’t as big on execution as the Nazi’s were. The Nazi’s bumped up the idea of concentration camps to turn it
In the beginning the concentration camps they were not even planned, to be mainly for Jews, in the beginning they had started with criminals and political prisoners. Later on Adolf Hitler wanted to have a “better” future, so who ever interfered in his plan was a threat so he had sent them to jail. People who
Just imagine if yourself, friends or family were sent away to a concentration camp. How would that make you feel? I would feel sad and scared for my family or for myself. It’s an awful thing to think about. Concentration camps were meant to starve and work prisoners to their death. In concentration camps, many prisoners were tortured and soon thereafter, died. There were many concentration camps and a lot of horrible things happened. Such as the number of people dying, and poor treatment of prisoners. Adolf Hitler made this all happen.
The Auschwitz-Birkenau camp began construction in October 1941. The camp was originally meant to house 50,000 prisoners of war, but the camp was expanded to house as many as 200,000 inmates.
A major tragedy in World War II were Concentration camps. A concentration camp is inhumane imprisonment, where numerous individuals are kept or bound without trial. Detainees were kept in amazingly unforgiving conditions and with no rights. Inhumane imprisonments turned into a noteworthy route in which the Nazis forced their control. With psychological well-being, treatment of detainees and what concentration camps did being an extraordinary issue.
Concentration Camps were an imfamous event in WWII. But, not in a good way. Concentration Camps were not only the place where millions of innocent people were brutally murdered. They were so much more. During WWII, there were over 1,200 camps that were run by Nazi Germany. They were placed all over Europe and held many people of different beliefs, races, abilty, age, and religion. Hitler, the “ruler” over the Nazis, sent millions of people to their death to these camps. There were a few different types of camps that held different ways of handling the prisioners.
On April 27, 1941, the order was given to begin the building of the largest and deadliest Nazi concentration camp, Auschwitz, in a town called Oswiecim (Smolen et al. 2). The Nazis began deporting the locals of the town so that the camp would be as isolated as possible and to have somewhere to sleep. The locals were sent away without any kind of payment for their homes or lands (Smolen et al. 3). It was then ordered that some three-hundred Jewish prisoners would be sent to begin construction of the camp. By the time Auschwitz was completed, there were 28 two story buildings to house the prisoners. As time went on the need for another camp arose. Camp Birkenau, later to be named Auschwitz II, was built about 3km. away and could house another 200,000 prisoners (Smolen et al. 4 and 5).
Concentration camps were places designed to torture individuals especially targeting those of Jewish decent. Naming just a couple camps, Auschwitz-Birkenau, Belzec, Buchenwald were some of the major known camps. The holocaust occurred during World War II from January 30, 1933 to May 8, 1945 causing the deaths of about 6 million Jews. Concentration Camps were a big part of the holocaust .These Camps changed the life of many and for the future to come. The reality of these camps and the intense cruelty towards these people is far beyond unbelievable.
In 1933 the first concentration camp was established after Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany. Concentration Camps at first were camps to detain the Nazi political enemies over time. As time went on different types of people such as the Jewish, Gypsies, poles and criminals was placed in these camps as well. At first Auschwitz-Birkenau it was a labor camp that was located near the polish city, Oswiecim. This camp was the largest of all Nazi camps in Europe. At any one time this camp could hold up to 150,000 inmates at a time. (Jewish Virtual Library) During the years of 1941-1945 for the first time in history of mankind some of the concentration camps were established into extermination
Although concentration camps have been in use before, they were most present in WWII when Hitler rose to power and spread his ideology of racial superiority. The concentration camps during the Holocaust would hold ”Jews, Social Democrats, Communists, liberals, Freemasons, Jehovah 's Witnesses, clergy who opposed the Nazis, and members of national opposition movements” (Concentration Camp System: In Depth). These people were, according to Hitler’s Nazi Theory, inferior to the race he wanted to create, therefore deserving to be eradicated or imprisoned. In short, Concentration camps became a major element in the Nazi regime for WWII, and millions were killed through these camps unfairly.
Nazi officials stationed in Poland saw this and envisioned a prison. The town in which it was located was called Oswiecim, or Auschwitz. Jewish residents of Oswiecim were forced to restore and rebuild the abandoned barracks into a prison named Auschwitz I that would house prisoners of war, the first of which started arriving in May, 1940. The population of the camp grew as more enemies of the Nazis were deported. Auschwitz was envisioned as a concentration camp. Surrounded by barbed wire fences and watchtowers, the camp had written above its black gates, 'Albreit macht free' (~'Work makes you
The first Nazi concentration camp was built on March 10th, 1933 in Dachau, Germany (“Dachau.” Britannia School. 2015). The empty munitions factory in Dachau, provided the space and isolation needed for the newly formed concentration camp (“Dachau”. Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, 1990). Dachau, the concentration camp, is located on the outskirts of the small town Dachau, about twelve miles north of Munich, Germany (“Dachau.” Britannia School. 2015). The camp was officially opened on March 22, 1933 and used mainly for political prisoners (Syndor, 2015).
The Boer War was a conflict that lasted from 1899 to 1902 in southern Africa between Great Britain and their allies, Transvaal (South African Republic) and Orange Free State, in what is now South Africa.