Differences Between Estabrook And Mcdougle

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Although Estabrook and McDougle concluded their fieldwork by July 1925, in time to publish their findings, Davenport expressed serious concerns over the characterizations of the community contained in the study. These and other internal issues relating to salary and expense disputes between Estabrook and the ERO threw the study’s publication into doubt. During this time, Estabrook also began other research and his employment with the ERO ended. Eventually the study was published in 1926 as Mongrel Virginians: The WIN Tribe. By this time the publicity for the book had largely fallen to McDougle who took primary responsibility for dispensing copies to the Anglo-Saxon Clubs and other interested parties. Mongrel Virginians confirmed many of the primary theories advanced by the Anglo-Saxon Clubs regarding the immorality and mental deficiency that they believed resulted from racial mixing. In discussing the public perception of the group’s racial mixture Estabrook and McDougle offered the following: “They are described variously as ‘low down’ yellow negroes as Indians, as ‘mixed,’ No one however speaks of them as white.” Writing about the consanguinity practiced within the group, Estabrook and McDougle attributed it to social barriers established between the “WIN” and whites and blacks residing outside of “Ab” county. Having hoped that the study would provide him new ammunition in his racial integrity fight against the state’s Indians, Plecker was

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