Dna, The, And The Law Of The Independent Assortment

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Deoxyribonucleic acid, also known as DNA, is what makes up every living thing, big or small. It can be thought of as a set of instructions, which tells cells what to do. DNA determines whether a person is female or male, their skin and eye color, as well as the color of their hair.
The first person to begin discovering the complexities of DNA was Gregor Mendel, an Austrian monk who lived in the 19th century. In 1865, Mendel was studying heredity in pea plants. For eight years, he grew over ten thousand pea plants, looking for patterns that would show him how certain traits were passed on from parent to child (DNA Learning Center, n.d.). After completing his research, Mendel postulated three laws to describe inheritance; they are: the Law of Dominance, the Law of Segregation, and the Law of Independent Assortment. These laws determine the likelihood of the child receiving a specific trait from the parents (Science Clarified, n.d.). Mendel’s discoveries where groundbreaking, especially since it was done prior to the discovery of genes and chromosomes.
Since Mendel’s time, our understanding of DNA, genes, and chromosomes has grown immensely, and much of this understanding and discoveries were influenced by Mendel’s research on pea plants.
In 1928, Frederick Griffith, a medical officer in the army, was trying to find a vaccine that would cure streptococcus pneumoniae; also known as strep throat (C. O’Connor, 2008). Griffith conducted experiments using different strains of
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