Effects Of Periodontal Disease On Arthrosclerosis

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The Effects of Periodontal Disease on Arthrosclerosis Directly and Indirectly Dyffreyon McGowan Tougaloo College: Biology Department The Effects of Periodontal Disease on Arthrosclerosis Directly and Indirectly Introduction In the oral cavity, therapeutic edentulation, a treatment in which treating chronic diseases caused for tonsillectomies or tooth extractions, sometimes taking all a patient 's teeth, was common as a result of the popularity of the focal infection theory. The theory of focal infection stated that center of sepsis were responsible for the initiation and progression of a variety of inflammatory diseases such as arthritis, peptic ulcers, and appendicitis (7). A countless number of teeth were removed due to this theory, even if there was no true evidence of an infection and generally resulted in the initial symptoms of patients never being relieved and the discrediting of theory. Recent progress in classification and identification of oral microorganisms, and the realization that certain microorganisms are normally found only in the oral cavity, have opened the way for a more realistic assessment of the importance of oral focal infection. It has become increasingly clear that the oral cavity can act as the site of origin for spreading of pathogenic organisms. Periodontitis is a ubiquitous chronic inflammatory disease initiated by periodontal pathogenic bacteria which accumulate as subgingival biofilms in periodontal pockets (4).

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