1. Discuss your understanding of historic and contemporary colonization, how it continues to affect First Nations, Metis, and or Inuit peoples today and how it may be reflected in your proposed specific area of social work practice.
To begin with, colonization began when first contact was made between Indigenous peoples of Canada and Europeans. At first the settlers were humble to Indigenous peoples and learnt how to survive the diverse land of what is known as Canada. As settlers began getting established in Canada, the land began getting taken over by Europeans. The signing of treaties was a mechanism used to divide and conquer the lands from Indigenous peoples. Indian reserves were created to separate different tribes and land was claimed for natives to live on. According to ….. the land given was not very healthy and did not accommodate the way first nation peoples lived. Next, the Indian Act was established in hopes to absorb “ indianess” and in hopes would expire therefore eliminating the existence of “indianess”.
In addition to the Indian Act came another mechanism called residential schools. According to Frideres (2011) residential schools were an educational institution established by the Canadian government and the Roman Catholic missionaries for the purpose of forcing native people to abandon their culture and adopt “a more superior” way of living. The first residential school was established in 1874, after which the number of these schools rapidly spread all