Over the years, we have been dealing with the animal rights issue. Other living things have every right to have an equal opportunity to live. As society’s technology and the environment develops, humans have been taking over animals’ land. Our population continues to grow. We do need more of everything. But the same goes for the animals. That’s the circle of life. The generations will keep increasing and reproducing species. One just cannot take over the other. Everything has to be balanced. That is life. Over population of deer is a result of human-created development. Humans buy up land, develop it, and build homes, roads, shopping centers, etc. Then, they expect the wildlife to scatter to new habitats. People that complain about
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) is one of the largest spread mammals in the North region of America. White-tailed deer are grayish brown in the winter and red-brown in the summer (Curtis and Sullivan 2001). Compared to female deer (does), male deer (buck) have antlers and they weigh between 125-200 pounds. Female deer weigh less than male deer. (Curtis and Sullivan 2001). White-tailed deer are opportunistic animals that take advantage of unexploited areas. They are mostly found on the edge of the forest, shrub lands, agricultural fields, open grasslands, and suburban areas (Curtis and Sullivan 2001).
All animals have their own distinct way of communicating to one another and to other species around them. A white tailed deer is one of the most common types of deer in the United States. A male deer is known as a buck while a female deer is known as a doe and her babies are known as fawns. Bucks are usually bigger in size than does. Deer go through a breeding season that causes bucks to go into rut, where they are less cautious with what and where they go and more active than usual. White tailed deer communicate through scent, visual presentation, and vocally.
Elk are large ruminants having four-chambered stomachs. They are primarily grazers, but also browse. Their diets vary depending on the season with native grasses being a year-round supplement, tree bark being consumed in winter and forbs, leaves and tree sprouts during the summer.
The Omaha Chief Big Elk commented on the effect of the white migration to the West across the Overland Trails while visiting Washington D.C. He stated eloquently, “there is a coming flood which will soon reach us, and I advise you to prepare for it.” An estimated 500,000 people made the journey West to California and the Willamette Valley between the years 1840 – 1870. However, much like the first rains in a wet season, benefits were found in the first storm of white emigrants heading west. Native people were able to cooperate with white emigrants and benefit from trading with them. But the storms continued, emigrants as plentiful as rain drops came through the Indian lands and eventually, the prophecy of a great flood Chief Big Elk spoke of came true. Overtime, whites used up the limited resources of the plains tribes, depended on one another instead of Indians for help, and used force rather than compromise to clear the way for the expansion of the West.
...elk and other browsing animals behave differently when wolves are around. Instead of eating greenery down to the soil, they take a bite or two, look up to check for threats, and keep moving. The greenery can grow tall enough to reproduce.(578)
Black Elk plays a major role in retelling the history of the Lakota Native Americans. Having witnessed the Battle of Little Bighorn and living through the transfer of Native Americans to the Pine Ridge Reservation, Black Elk can attest to the treatment endured by Native Americans. Black Elk tells the story of a people injured in war and subject to sufferings for the years to follow.
The two books that I read for the assignment was “The Hiding Place” and “The Black Elk Speaks”. I also listen to the video that was provided called "Letting Go of God". The one book that I’m going to talk about is “The Black Elk Speaks”. Reading the book they have made an impact on me. The reason I have decided to just to concrete on this book in particular is because it’s the on the really spook to me and I felt more of a connection to it compared to “The Hiding Place” and “Letting Go of God”.
“I did not know then how much was ended. When I look back now from this high hill of my old age, I can still see the butchered women and children lying heaped and scattered all along the crooked gulch as plain as when I saw them with eyes young.” These are the words of Black Elk, the medicine man of the Oglala Lakota, the tribe that was attacked by Wounded Knee Creek. The massacre included the killing of civilians, including women and children, by the Seventh Cavalry Regiment.
Many of the materials needed to go elk hunting. A gun with enough power to kill the animal,bullets, and shooting sticks if not able to hold gun by self. Some kind of camo clothing is needed waterproof boots, and a orange hat if not old enough. A shooting listens is needed so is a pack and meat bags so the meat doesn’t spoil. materials needed to go elk hunting are camo clothing, boots, listens, gun/bullets, pack/meat bags, and shooting sticks.
Columbian White-tailed deer are distinguishable because they have a long black tail on the outside, and the male's antlers point all rise from the one main beam. The Columbian white-tail is one of the large subspecies with "antlers narrowly spreading and curving steeply upward” Columbian white-tailed deer's diets consist of young willow, cottonwood, alder and other deciduous trees in riverbanks and the surrounding area. This is where they can usually be found. Male Columbian white-tailed deer are bigger than females, they have large antlers and they shed them every winter and regrow them in spring. Both sexes have a white underneath their tail which is why they got the name.
Once humans migrated to North America and Australia, they killed or ate large animals, potentially wiping out entire species. Desertification, deforestation, erosion, and soil salinization were all human measures to build more cities. Changes in climate and diseases brought by domesticated animals were also linked to the extinction of large animals from Eurasia. The Pleistocene re-wilding of North America has two aspects: restoring past potential and preventing new extinctions with more protected populations. C. Josh Donlan from “Restoring America’s Big, Wild Animals” argues that although species such as camels, lions, and mammoths that disappeared 13,000 years ago cannot be brought back in the same form, restoring close relatives is a possibility and can potentially economically and culturally benefit ecosystems. Donlan then proceeds to explain the importance of large animals, his strategy, and challenges of reintroducing large creatures. On the other hand, Dustin R. Rubenstein, Daniel I. Rubenstein, Paul W. Sherman, and Thomas A. Gavin from “Pleistocene Park: Does Re-Wilding North America Represent Sound Conservation for the 21st Century?” assert that humans should focus on preventing the extinction of new animals since bringing back vanished species is improbable. In fact, restoring North America to its pre-human state may be detrimental to current species and ecosystems.