Emergency Medical Responder ( Emr )

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The long term effects of an illness or trauma are influenced by timely, appropriate medical care. This begins with what interventions the ambulance crew provides if one is called. In the prehospital environment, there are four levels of providers: Emergency Medical Responder (EMR), Emergency Medical Technician (EMT), Advanced Emergency Medical Technician (AEMT), and Paramedic (National Scope of Practice Model, 20-21). The EMT is considered the “backbone” of prehospital emergency medicine (National Scope of Practice Model 23). It is the first level that a provider can either give a patient medicine or assist with the patient’s own medications (National Scope of Practice Model 24). Medicines that an EMT in Kansas can use are supplemental oxygen, nitroglycerin, aspirin, epinephrine and glucagon by auto injector, oral glucose, activated charcoal, and breathing medications such as Atrovent or a metered dose inhaler (Kansas Board of EMS 1). An EMT may also use a autoinjector antidote on themselves or their partner (Kansas Board of EMS 1). Medications used in emergency situations may reduce disability or prevent patient mortality. EMTs cannot give any medicines with approval from medical control (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 461). Approval can be given in two ways (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 461). The first is called offline control, or standing orders (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 461) Standing orders are written protocol for a treatment
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